第一冊第9單元補充資料

標題句: How old is Jay?

結構: 問年紀及回答,基數(10~19)

 

How old

are

you?

they/ your brothers?

is

he/ she/ Mr.Wang/ Jay?

your father/ his mom?

 

I

am

thirteen ( years old).

They

are

eight (years old).

He

is

one (year old).

She

forty (years old).

 

解析1:

(1) How是疑問詞,用來表達如何,在後面加old來詢問年齡。

(2) 句型為  How old be動詞 主詞?

(3) 當中的be動詞要注意配合主詞。

 

           

人稱(主格)

you

he/ she

my brother

I

Be動詞

are

is

is

am

人稱(主格)

Jay(人名)

Mr. Wang

they

we

Be動詞

is

is

are

are

 

解析2:

(1) 回答句型為  主詞 be動詞 數字+years old.

其中years old 可以省略不寫。

(2) 問與答要注意人稱代名詞的搭配,你來問,我來答。

例如:問句為 How old are you?

答句為 I am eight years old.

(3) 若問句有人名或稱謂,答句常以代名詞代替。

例如:問句為How old is your sister?

答句為She/ My sister is ten years old.

(4) year 是年的意思,複數加syear old 表示歲數。

如果一歳就是He is one year old. 注意不加s

 

解析3: 數字介紹

one

two

three

four

five

six

seven

eight

nine

ten

eleven

twelve

thirteen

fourteen

fifteen

sixteen

seventeen

eighteen

nineteen

twenty

twenty-one

twenty-two

twenty-three

twenty-four

thirty

forty

fifty

ninety

ninety-nine

one hundred

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1) 13-19都是teen結尾,注意thirteenfifteenthreefive的差異。

(2) 2030.…90都是ty結尾,注意的thirtyfortyfifty的變化。

(3) 2122….293132….39,甚至9192、到99都是一樣的規則。twenty加橫槓,再加1-9的數字。

 

觧析4:(課外補充)

(1) 數字-year-old 可以當作形容詞用,表示幾歲大的….意思。

注意其中的year不加s。若在母音前冠詞要用an

例如1He is a seven-year-old boy.

例如2She is an eleven-year-old girl.

例如3He is a twenty-year-old student.

(2) age 也是年齡的意思。例如:What’s your age?How old are you?

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