第一冊第13單元補充資料

標題句: Jack is tall and he is good at basketball.

Jill is short but she is good at basketball, too.

  : and / but連接詞、形容詞用法

 

()  and / but連接詞

I am tall

and

heavy.

You are cute

, and

Jerry is cute.

Mary is kind

, but

Brian isn’t (kind).

You are tall

, but

I am short.

 

解析1:

(1) and 是對等連接詞,and 像是天秤的中心點,左右托盤放相同詞性、相同性質。例如:tall and heavy/ books and pencils/ Mary and John/ You and I/ You and Mandy/ Mandy and I/ You, he, and I/ we, you, they等等。

(2) 形容詞+ and + 形容詞的狀況-- I am tall and heavy. (我又高又重。) My book is black and blue. (我的書是藍黑色。)

(3) 名詞+ and + 名詞的狀況--I have cats and dogs. (我有貓和狗。)

(4) 子句+ and + 子句的狀況--I am tall and you are tall. 此時,I am tall. You are tall. 將兩句子合併,使用and 來連接。

(5) 使用逗點將詞性分開,通常在最後一個詞性之前不加逗點。例如:I like apples, oranges, bananas and peaches.

 

解析2:

(1) but是對等連接詞,but 像是天秤的中心,左右托盤放相反詞性、相反性質。例如:You are handsome but short. (形容詞+ but + 形容詞)I am a student, but you are a teacher. (子句+ but+子句)

(2) but 之前放逗點+ 句子。如:Mary is beautiful, but she is mean.

 

二)He is + 形容詞肯定句。

He

She

is

tall.

strong.

young.

happy.

handsome.

You

They

are

I

am

 

(三)He is not+ 形容詞否定句。

He

She

is

not

tall.

strong.

young.

happy.

handsome.

You

They

are

I

am

 

(四)Is he + 形容詞?疑問句及答句:

Is

he

she

tall?

strong?

young?

happy?

handsome?

Are

you

they

Am

I

 

Yes,

he

she

is

tall.

strong.

young.

happy.

handsome.

you

they

are

I

am

 

No,

he

she

is

not

tall.

strong.

young.

happy.

handsome.

you

they

are

I

am

 

解析1:

(1) 句型結構為:

主詞(/物) be 動詞(am, are, is 形容詞(tall, happy.

(2) be 動詞隨著主詞的變化而有所不同。

(3) 例句:He is tall.  tall是用來形容he

 

解析2:

否定句則在be 動詞後加上not

 

解析3:

疑問句則將be 動詞移到句子的最前面。

 

() He is + a 形容詞 boy.:肯定句。

He

She

is

a

tall

strong

young

happy

handsome

boy.

girl.

man.

woman.

teacher.

You

are

I

am

You

They

are

boys.

girls.

students.

 

 

() He is not+ a 形容詞 boy.:否定句。

He

She

is

not a

tall

strong

young

happy

handsome

boy.

girl.

man.

woman.

teacher.

You

are

I

am

You

They

are not

boys.

girls.

students.

 

() Is he+ a 形容詞 boy?:疑問句及答句。

Is

he

she

a

tall

strong

young

happy

handsome

boy?

girl?

man?

woman?

teacher?

Are

you

Am

I

Are

you

they

boys?

girls?

students?

 

Yes,

he

she

is

a

tall

strong

young

happy

handsome

boy.

girl.

man.

woman.

teacher.

you

are

I

am

you

they

are

boys.

girls.

students.

 

No,

he

she

is

not a

tall

strong

young

happy

handsome

boy.

girl.

man.

woman.

teacher.

you

are

I

am

you

they

are not

boys.

girls.

students.

 

解析1:

(1) 句型結構為:

主詞(/物) be 動詞(am, are, is 冠詞(a, an+ 形容詞(tall, happy+ 名詞(boy, girl.

(2) be 動詞隨著主詞的變化而有所不同。

(3) 例句:He is a tall boy.  原本的句子是:He is a boy.加入一個形容詞tall,用來形容boy這個名詞。

 

解析2:

否定句則在be 動詞後加上not

 

解析3:

疑問句則將be 動詞移到句子的最前面。

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