第二冊第2單元 補充資料

 

標題句:He has many baseball cards.

She doesn’t have much money.

結 構:第三人稱單數

現在簡單式句型(含肯定句,否定句,疑問句)

可數名詞及不可數名詞、How much is it?

 

(一)肯定句

He

has

a car.

She

three umbrellas.

It

legs.

Name

money.

解析:

(1) 句型:主詞( he, she, it, 名字)+ 動詞(has) + 物品。

例如:He has a car. (他有一輛車。)

She has 3 umbrellas. (她有3支雨傘。)

It has four legs. (它有4條腿。)

Lisa has 5 books. (Lisa5本書。)

Peter has money. (Peter有錢。)

(2)   he, she, it, name當作單數主詞,加上動詞時,要用單數動詞(has) 例如:We have a table. You have a child. They have 3 desks. He has 5 friends.因為主詞是he,所以動詞使用has

(3)  若物品是可數名詞,前面加上冠詞或複數。例如:a book/ bookschild/ children。前面可以加上few(很少)/ a few=some(一些)/ many(很多)做為修飾。例如:flowers是可數名詞,可以加上many flowers 代表很多花;a few flowers =some flowers代表一些花;few flowers代表很少花。若物品是不可數名詞,例如:water不可數名詞,前面可以再加上little(很少)/ a little=some(一些)/ much(很多)做為修飾。例如: much water 代表很多水;a little water =some water代表一些水;little water代表很少水。

 

(二)否定句

He

doesn’t have

a car.

She

three umbrellas.

It

legs.

Name

money.

解析:

(1) 句型:主詞(he, she, it, 名字)+ doesn’t+ 動詞(have) + 物品。

例如:He doesn’t have a car. (他沒有一輛車。)

She doesn’t have 3 umbrellas. (她沒有3支雨傘。)

It doesn’t have four legs. (它沒有4條腿。)

Lisa doesn’t have 5 books. (Lisa沒有5本書。)

Peter doesn’t have money. (Peter沒有錢。)

(2) 形成現在式否定句:將doesn’t 放在動詞have之前。例如:He doesn’t have a girl friend.  (他沒有女朋友。)

(3) name 可以替代其它人名,如Mary, George, Mark, Susan等等。

 

(三)疑問句

Does

he

have

a car?

she

three umbrellas?

it

legs?

name(Mark)

money?

 

Yes,

he does.

He

has

a car.

she does.

She

three umbrellas.

it does.

It

legs.

he does.

Name

money.

 

No,

he doesn’t.

He

doesn’t have

a car.

she doesn’t.

She

three umbrellas.

it doesn’t.

It

legs.

he doesn’t.

Name

money.

解析1:

(1)     句型:Do +主詞(he, she, it, 名字)+ 原形動詞(have) + 物品? 例如:Does she have an umbrella? ( 她有1支雨傘嗎?) Does Mark have money? (Mark有錢嗎?)

(2)     形成否定句的方法:將Does 挪到主詞之前,按原句照抄,再將句尾句點改成問號。例如:將She has an umbrella. (她有1支雨傘。)  改成疑問句,則變成 Does she have an umbrella? (她有1支雨傘嗎?) 先將Does 放到主詞she之前,按原句照抄,再將問號放在句尾,即完成疑問句。

解析2:

(1)     簡答:分為肯定簡答(Yes, he does.) 和否定簡答(No, he doesn’t.)

(2)     若問句:Does he have a car? 肯定簡答表示成Yes, he does. 若問Does she have a hat? 肯定簡答表示成Yes, she does.

(3)     若問句:Does he have a car? 否定簡答表示成No, he doesn’t. 注意也可以表示成No, he does not.若問句:Does she have a hat? 否定簡答表示成No, she doesn’t. 注意也可以表示成No, she does not.

解析3:

(1)     詳答:分為肯定詳答(Yes, she does. She has a dog.) 和否定詳答(No, she doesn’t. She doesn’t have a dog.)

(2)     若問句:Does she have a dog? 肯定詳答表示成Yes, she does. She has a dog.若問Does Ben have a T-shirt? 肯定詳答表示成Yes, he does. He has a T-shirt.

(3)     若問句:Does she have a dog? 否定詳答表示成No, she doesn’t. She doesn’t have a dog. 注意也可以表示成No, she doesn’t. She does not have a dog.若問句:Does Ben have a T-shirt? 否定詳答表示成No, he doesn’t. He doesn’t have a T-shirt. 注意也可以表示成No, he does not. He does not have a T-shirt.

 

解析4: 三單動詞變化的介紹

(1)  he, she, it, name 當單數主詞,在現在式中動詞將變化成單數動詞。例如:eat() 變成eatslike 變成likeshave() 變成has。例如:John eats breakfast every morning. Lisa likes cats. Karen dances at the park. Ben studies English. George goes to school every Sunday. Mother washes dishes. Tom has a basketball.

(2)  依據動詞字尾分類

動詞

動詞變化

例如

一般字尾

或有e

或是有母音+y

直接+s

eat

like

dance

play

eats

likes

dances

plays

字尾有子音+y

y+ies

cry

study

carry

cries

studies

carries

字尾有x, o, s, z, sh, ch

+es

go

fix

wash

watch

goes

fixes

washes

watches

動詞

不規則變化

have

do

has

does

(3) 例如:

1.     Mary walks to school every Wednesday.

2.     John goes to work by bike every Monday.

3.     Lisa watches TV at night.

4.     Eric plays basketball with his friend every evening.

5.     Jill dances in the gym every morning.

6.     Jerry studies Chinese every Thursday.

7.     Harry has a girlfriend.

8.     Tammy loves her parents.

9.     My sister washes dishes every night.

10.   My uncle fixes cars on weekends.

 

(四)How much…?

How much

is

it?

a book?

an apple?

are

they?

the books?

four apples?

 

It

is

$ 50.

$ 50 each.

A book

An apple

Each book

Each apple

They

are

$ 200.

$ 200 in total.

The books

Four apples

解析1:

(1)     問句結構為:

How much be 動詞(am, are, is 主詞(名詞/代名詞)?

(2)     原本的句型為How much money …? money 被省略了,且絕大多數的時間,人們都會省略money

(3)     be 動詞隨著主詞的變化而有所不同。例句:How much is the book? the book是單數,所以用isHow much are two apples? two apples是複數,所以用are

 

解析2:

(1) 答句結構為:

主詞(名詞/代名詞) be 動詞(am, are, is 錢數。

(2) be 動詞隨著主詞的變化而有所不同。例句:The books is $50. the book是單數,所以用isTwo apples are $ 100.是複數,所以用are

(3) 錢數的部份如有$的符號,無須再加英文字dollar。例句:The desk is $500. = The desk is five hundred dollars.

(4) Each 指的是「每一個」,所以,It is $ 60 each. 指的是:每一個六十元。也可以擺在句首,當主詞使用:Each is $ 60.

(5) in total指的是「總共」,所以,They are $ 120 in total. 指的是:總共120元。

 

(五) 數字「百」和「千」

數字

Number

數字

Number

1

one

11

eleven

2

two

12

twelve

3

three

13

thirteen

4

four

14

fourteen

5

five

15

fifteen

6

six

16

sixteen

7

seven

17

seventeen

8

eight

18

eighteen

9

nine

19

nineteen

10

ten

20

twenty

 

數字

Number

數字

Number

20

twenty

21

twenty-one

30

thirty

22

twenty-two

40

forty

23

twenty-three

50

fifty

24

twenty-four

60

sixty

25

twenty-five

70

seventy

26

twenty-six

80

eighty

27

twenty-seven

90

ninety

28

twenty-eight

100

hundred

29

twenty-nine

1000

thousand

 

 

 

數字

Number

數字

Number

100

one hundred

1001

one thousand and one

101

one hundred and one

1002

one thousand and two

102

one hundred and two

1010

one thousand and ten

110

one hundred and ten

1011

one thousand and eleven

111

one hundred and eleven

1020

one thousand and twenty

112

one hundred and twelve

1021

one thousand and twenty-one

120

one hundred and twenty

1023

one thousand and twenty-three

121

one hundred and twenty-one

1100

one thousand and one hundred

122

one hundred and twenty-two

1101

one thousand one hundred and one

290

two hundred and ninety

1111

one thousand one hundred and eleven

299

two hundred and ninety-nine

1121

one thousand one hundred and twenty-one

解析:

(1)     hundred thousand後,不加s,表示複數的部份加在名詞上。例句:I have one hundred books. There are two thousand trees in the park.

(2)     要表示數以百計,數以千計時以hundreds ofthousands of來表示時,則可以加s。例句:I have hundreds of books. There are thousands of trees in the park.

(3)     two hundred and ninety-nine one thousand one hundred and twenty-one中的and可以省略。

 

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