第三冊6單元 補充資料

標題句:When I was a little girl, I visited my uncle in Japan.

Before you eat, you have to wash your hands.

Because he stayed up last night, he nodded off in class.

If they are free, they will go shopping.

  構:從屬連接詞when, before, after (because, if

 

image001   image002 image003

 

  Subordinate Conjunction

 

image005

Vocabulary

 

1. incredible   [http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/034.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/047.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/053.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/041.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/050.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/022.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/040.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/018.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/038.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/057.gif]    ()  不可思議的

2. ice cream cone   ()  冰淇淋甜筒

13. polite   [http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/037.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/018.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/053.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/049.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/002.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/034.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/039.gif]   ()  有禮貌的

4. short stay   ()  短暫居住

5. salmon   [http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/053.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/044.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/001.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/046.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/018.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/047.gif]   ()  鮭魚

6. grand sight   ()  令人印象深刻的景象

7. touch   [http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/039.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/020.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/039.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/025.gif]   ()  感動

8. environment   [http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/034.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/047.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/053.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/043.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/002.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/034.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/050.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/018.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/047.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/046.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/018.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/047.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/039.gif]   ()  環境

9. at will   ()  隨意地

10. earth   [http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/017.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/028.gif]    ()  地球

11. trash   [http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/039.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/050.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/001.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/025.gif]    ()  垃圾

12. generation   [http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/054.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/040.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/026.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/022.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/047.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/018.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/053.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/050.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/021.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/025.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/018.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/047.gif]   ()  世代

 

Save the World!

 

image032

 

When I was a little girl, I visited my uncle in Japan. That was my first time to go there. People say that everything is expensive in Japan.  That is true. It is incredible that I had to spend NT$100 dollars buying an ice cream cone. However, I liked the country because it was clean and people there were very polite.

    During the short stay, my uncle took me to many beautiful places.  To my excitement, I saw a lot of salmons swim back to their birth place.  The important thing is salmons only live in clean rivers. The grand sight really touched me. After I came back, I often thought about itwhy couldn’t we have clean environment like that in Japan? If we do not throw trash at will, we can make our country and our earth cleaner.  Next time before you dump trash, think about the environment under which your children will live. It is our duty to make the earth cleaner for the next generation.

 

Reading Comprehension (是非題:依對話內容回答○或×)

 

(  ) 1. According to the article, everything in Japan isn’t expensive.  

(  ) 2. The writer likes Japan because it is clean and the people there are polite.

(  ) 3. Salmons swim back to their birth place because they like to go to beautiful places.

(  ) 4. If we throw trash at will, we can make our country and our earth clearer.  

(  ) 5. It’s our duty to make the earth cleaner for the next generation.

 

補充句型一

 

People say that +子句

據說……

 

例:People say that vaccines can prevent many kinds of diseases.

(據說疫苗可以預防疾病)

 

Exercise (翻譯填充)

             __________  __________ his mother is a beauty.

(據說他媽媽是大美女)

 

補充句型二

 

To one’s excitement, S + V…

……令某人興奮的……

 

例:To my excitement, I shook hands with my favorite movie star.

(令我興奮的是我和我最喜歡的電影明星握手)

 

Exercise (翻譯填充)

______ ________ _____________ , he passed the examination.

(令他興奮的是他通過考試了)

 

EXERCISE 1

 

文法小幫手:before 的用法

 

S+V … before +S + V….

=

Before S+V, S+V…

在…之前

 

例:1. He brushes his teeth before he goes to bed.

= Before he goes to bed, he brushes his teeth.

(上床睡覺前他先刷牙)

 

2. She turned off the light before she went out.

= Before she went out, she turned off the light.

(出門前她先關燈)

 

依圖及提示造句

 

image034image036

 

1. arrive / airport / plane / land

                                      

=                                        

 

image038image040

 

2. breakfast / school                          

                                      

=                                       

 

EXERCISE 2

 

文法小幫手:after的用法

 

S+V… after + S +V

=

After + S +V…, S+ V….

在…之後

 

例:1. We took a walk after we finished our work.

= After we finished our work, we took a walk.

(工作完成後,我們去散步)

 

2. They had a cup of coffee after they saw a movie.

= After they saw a movie, they had a cup of coffee.

(他們看了電影後他們喝了杯咖啡)

 

依圖及提示造句

 

image044image042

 

1. put on / coat / outside

                                      

=                                        

(穿上外套後我出門了)

 

image046image048

 

2. get home / call / my parents            

                                      

=                                         

(今晚我到家後我將打電話給我的父母)

 

EXERCISE 3

 

文法小幫手:when的用法

 

S+V… when + S +V = When+ S +V…, S+ V….

當……時候

 

例:1. When Tom was a child, he lived with his aunt.

= Tom lived with his aunt when he was a child.

(當湯姆是個小孩子時他和他姑姑住在一起)

 

2. When Jack was a junior high school student, he wanted to be a doctor.

= Jack wanted to be a doctor when he was a junior high school student.

(Jack是國中生時他想當ㄧ位醫生)

 

翻譯填充

 

1. ______I_______ in Japan, I ________ in a hotel in Tokyo.

= I ________ in a hotel in Tokyo ________ I ________ in Japan.

(當我在日本時我住在東京的一家旅館)

 

2. ________ I _________ traveling in Europe, I ________ a lot of foreigners.

= I ________ a lot of foreigners ________ I _________ traveling in Europe.

(當我在歐洲旅行時我遇見很多外國人)

 

EXERCISE 4

 

文法小幫手:if 的用法

 

If + S +現在式V,  S +未來式V

= S +未來式V + if + S +現在式V

如果……

 

image049if 所引導的條件子句,如果表示未來很可能發生,動詞以現在簡單式代替未來式。

 

例:1. If it rains tomorrow, the camping will be postponed.

(如果明天下雨露營就延後了)

 

2. If you don’t tell me the truth, I’ll never speak to you again.

(如果你不告訴我實話我就不再和你說話)

 

翻譯填充

 

1. _____ it _____ fine tomorrow, our class _____ _____ picnicking.

(如果明天天氣晴朗我們班將去野餐)

 

2. _____ he _____ tomorrow, I _____ _____ a movie with him.

(如果他明天來了我要和他去看電影)

 

EXERCISE 5

 

文法小幫手:because  表原因 

 

Because+ S +V,  S +V= S +V + because + S +V

因為所以

 

例:1. I did not go camping last week because the weather was bad.

= Because the weather was bad, I did not go camping last week.

(上星期我沒去露營因為壞天氣)

 

2. Because Mom felt sleepy, she went to bed early.

= Mom went to bed early because she felt sleepy.

(因為媽媽好睏所以她提早上床睡覺)

 

合併句子

 

1. It rained. I came back.

_______________________________________

= _______________________________________

 

2. Mr. Brown was sick.  He did not go to work.

_______________________________________

= _______________________________________

 


 

EXERCISE  6

 

beforeafter合併句子

 

例: I put on my coat.  I went outside.
     (before: 在我出門前,我穿上我的大衣。)
     (
after: 在我穿上我的大衣後,我出門去)

Before I went outside, I put on my coat.

I put on my coat before I went outside.

After I put on my coat, I went outside.

I went outside after I put on my coat.

 

1. She ate breakfast.    She went to work.

___________________________________________________________

 

2. He did his homework.    He went to bed.

___________________________________________________________

 

3. We bought the tickets.    We entered the theater.

___________________________________________________________

 

EXERCISE 7

 

文法小幫手:before, after, when 的補充用法

 

表示時間的從屬連接詞(before, after, when)所引導的時間子句若是表示未來時間動詞以現在簡單式代替未來式

 

()

S+未來式V …before +S + 現在式V….

 

 

 

 

 

 

=

Before+S+現在式V, S+未來式V….

(在……之前)

 

例:(before)

() Ann will finish her homework.

() She will watch TV tonight.

 

Before Ann watches TV tonight, she will finish her homework. 

Ann will finish her homework before she watches TV tonight.

  (今晚在Ann看電視之前,她將完成她的回家作業。)

 

()

S+未來式V … after +S + 現在式V….

 

 

 

 

 

 

=

After+S+現在式V,  S+未來式V….

(在……之)

 

例:( after)

() I am going to finish my homework.

() I am going to go to bed.

 

After I finish my homework, I am going to go to bed.

I am going to bed after I finish my homework.

 (我完成我的回家作業之後,我將上床睡覺。)

 

()

S+未來式V … when +S + 現在式V….

 

 

 

 

 

 

=

When + S+現在式V, S+未來式V….

(……時候)

 

例:(when)

() I will call John tomorrow.

() I will invite him to my party.

 

When I call John tomorrow, I will invite him to my party. 

I will invite him to my party when I call John tomorrow.

 

綜合下列句意用時間副詞子句造句以括號中的字引導副詞子句

 

例:( after)

() I am going to finish my homework.

() I am going to go to bed.

 

After I finish my homework, I am going to bed. 

I am going to go to bed after I finish my homework.

 

1. ( after)

() I am going to write a letter.

() I am going to go to bed.

 

________________________________________

= ________________________________________

 

2. (when)

() I am going to go to Chicago next week.

() I am going to visit the art museum.

 

________________________________________

= ________________________________________

 

3. ( after)

() I will go to the drug store.

() I will go to the post office.

 

________________________________________

= ________________________________________

 

4. ( after)

() Jim will get home this evening.

() He is going to read the newspaper.

 

________________________________________

= ________________________________________

 

5. (before)

() The Robertsons will get some travelers’ checks.

() They will leave on vacation.

 

________________________________________

= ________________________________________

 

6. (when)

() I am going to go shopping tomorrow.

() I am going to buy a new pair of shoes.

 

________________________________________

= ________________________________________

 

EXERCISE 8

 

找出句子的關係後用if子句造句

可能情況             結果

 

例:Maybe it will rain tomorrow. I am going to stay home.

If it rains tomorrow, I am going to stay home.

OR:

I am going to stay home if it rains tomorrow.

 

1. Maybe it will be hot tomorrow. I am going swimming.

_______________________________________________________

OR:

_______________________________________________________

 

2. Maybe it will snow tomorrow. Betsy is not going to ride her bike to school.

_______________________________________________________

OR:

_______________________________________________________

 

3. Maybe Adam will have enough time. He will finish his composition tonight.

_______________________________________________________

OR:

_______________________________________________________

 

4. Maybe I won’t get a letter tomorrow. I will call my parents.

_______________________________________________________

OR:

_______________________________________________________

 

EXERCISE 9

 

文法小幫手:Because 的補充用法

 

Because of + N,  S +V…

= S +V + because of + N

因為……所以……

 

例:1.Because of rain, I took an umbrella.

I took an umbrella because of rain.

(因為下雨,我帶了一把傘。)

 

because because of完成句子

 

例:1. We postponed our trip because of the bad driving conditions.

       (我們延後我們的旅行因為糟糕的駕駛路況。)

2. Sue’s eyes were red because she had been swimming in a chlorinated pool.

       (Sue的眼睛紅了因為她在用氯消毒過的泳池裡游泳。)

 

1. We can’t visit the museum ____________ it isn’t open.

2. Jim has to give up jogging ____________ his sprained ankle.

3. ____________ heavy fog at the airport, we had to stay in London for an extra day.

4. ____________ the elevator was broken, we had to walk up six flights of stairs.

5. Thousands of Irish people immigrated to the United States ____________ the famine in Ireland in the mid-19th century.

6. The young couple decided not to buy the house ____________ its poor condition.

 

EXERCISE  10

文法小幫手:when 的補充用法

 

S+過去進行式…when + S +過去簡單式

= when+ S +過去簡單式…, S+過去進行式

當 …… 時候

 

例:1. When the phone rang, my family were eating dinner.

= My family were eating dinner when the phone rang.

(當電話響時我的家人正在吃晚餐)

2. When the door bell rang, I was taking a bath.

= I was taking a bath when the door bell rang.

(當門鈴響時我正在洗澡)

 

合併句子

1.

image052

You telephoned.

I was taking a bath.

__________________________________________________

= __________________________________________________

 

2.

image052

I went out.

It was raining.

__________________________________________________

= __________________________________________________

3.

image052

Tina’s mom got home.

Tina was cleaning the room.

__________________________________________________

= __________________________________________________

 

4.

image052

Max visited me last night.

I was doing my home work.

__________________________________________________

= __________________________________________________

 

EXERCISE 11

 

文法小幫手:if 的補充用法一

 

if (是否)  if + S +V 為名詞子句,常當動詞的受詞。

 

例:1. I do not know if he loves you.

(我不知道他是否愛妳。)

2. I wonder if he will come tomorrow.

(我想知道他明天是否會來。)

 

合併句子

 

1. He asked me. Could you help him?

______________________________________________

2. Mother wanted to know that. Did I pass the test?

______________________________________________

3. Everyone wants to know that. Will it rain tomorrow?

______________________________________________

 

EXERCISE  12

 

文法小幫手:if 的補充用法二

 

(一)   假設法過去式—與現在事實不符

 

If + S + were (過去式V,否定過去式助V+V),

S+ should (would, could, might) +V

(假如…)

 

例:If I had money, I could buy a car.

= I do not have money now, so I can not buy a car.

(假如我有錢我就可以買車了)

 

(二)   假設法過去完成式--與過去事實不符

 

If + S +had + p.p…,

S+ should (would, could, might) + have + p.p

(假如…)

 

例:If I had bought the company’s stocks, I would have made a lot of money.

= I did not buy the stocks, so I did not make a lot of money.

(假如當時我買了那家公司的股票我就賺了很多錢)

 

翻譯填充

1. If I _______ a bird, I _______ _______ in the sky.

(如果我是鳥我要飛到空中)

2. If I _______ _______ enough time, I would _______ _______ with you. (假如當時我有足夠的時間我會跟你去)

 

解答篇

Book 3 Unit 6

  Subordinate Conjunction

 

P.4

Reading Comprehension  (是非題:依對話內容回答○或×)

(×) 1. According to the article, everything in Japan isn’t expensive.  

() 2. The writer likes Japan because it is clean and the people there are polite.

(×) 3. Salmons swim back to their birth place because they like to go to beautiful places.

(×) 4. If we throw trash at will, we can make our country and our earth clearer. 

() 5. It’s our duty to make the earth cleaner for the next generation.

 

Exercise (翻譯填充)

People say that his mother is a beauty.

 

Exercise (翻譯填充)

To his excitement, he passed the examination.

 

P.5

依圖及提示造句

 

1. arrive / airport / plane / land

We arrived at the airport before the plane landed.

= Before the plane landed, we arrived at the airport.

2. breakfast / school            

I ate breakfast before school.

= Before school, I ate breakfast.

 

P.6

依圖及提示造句

 

1. put on / coat / outside

I went outside after I put on the coat.

= After I put on the coat, I went outside.

2. get home / call / my parents            

I will call my parents after I get home tonight.

= After I get home tonight, I will call my parents.

 

P.7

翻譯填充

 

1. When I was in Japan, I stayed in a hotel in Tokyo.

= I stayed in a hotel in Tokyo when I was in Japan.

2. When I went traveling in Europe, I met a lot of foreigners.

= I met a lot of foreigners when I went traveling in Europe.

 

P.8

翻譯填充

 

1. If it is fine tomorrow, our class will go picnicking.

2. If he comes tomorrow, I will see a movie with him.

 

P.9

合併句子

 

1. It rained. I came back.

= I came back because it rained.

= Because it rained, I came back.

2. Mr. Brown was sick. He did not go to work.

Because Mr. Brown was sick, he did not go to work.

= Mr. Brown did not go to work because he was sick.

 

P.10

beforeafter合併句子

 

1. She ate breakfast. She went to work.

Before she went to work, she ate breakfast.

image054

四者選

一即可

She ate breakfast before she went to school.

After she ate breakfast, she went to work. 

She went to work after she ate breakfast.

       

2. He did his homework. He went to bed.

Before he went to bed, he did his homework.

image054

四者選

一即可

He did his homework before he went to bed.

After he did his homework, he went to bed.

He went to bed after he did his homework.

 

3. We bought the tickets. We entered the theater.

Before we entered the theater, we bought the tickets.

image054

四者選

一即可

We bought the tickets before we entered the theater.

After we bought the tickets, we entered the theater.

We entered the theater after we bought the tickets.

 

P.12

綜合下列句意用時間副詞子句造句以括號中的字引導副詞子句

 

1. ( after)

() I am going to write a letter.

() I am going to go to bed.

After I write a letter, I am going to go to bed. 

I am going to go to bed after I write a letter.

 

2. (when)

() I am going to go to Chicago next week.

() I am going to visit the art museum.

When I go to Chicago next week, I am going to visit the art museum.

I am going to visit the art museum when I go to Chicago next week.

 

P.13

 

3. ( after)

() I will go to the drug store.

() I will go to the post office.

After I go to the drug store, I will go to the post office. 

I will go to the post office after I go to the drug store.

 

4. ( after)

() Jim will get home this evening.

() He is going to read the newspaper.

After Jim gets home this evening, he is going to read the newspaper.  

Jim is going to read the newspaper after he gets home this evening.

5. (before)

() The Robertsons will get some travelers’ checks.

() They will leave on vacation.

Before the Robertsons leave on vacation, they will get some travelers’ checks.

The Robertsons will get some travelers’ checks before they leave on vacation.

 

6. (when)

() I am going to go shopping tomorrow.

() I am going to buy a new pair of shoes.

When I go shopping tomorrow, I am going to buy a new pair of shoes. 

I am going to buy a new pair of shoes when I go shopping tomorrow.

 

P.14

找出句子的關係後用if 子句造句

1. Maybe it will be hot tomorrow. I am going swimming.

If it is hot tomorrow, I am going swimming.

OR:

I am going swimming if it is hot tomorrow.

2. Maybe it will snow tomorrow.  Betsy is not going to ride her bike to school.

If it snows tomorrow, Betsy is not going to ride her bike to school.

OR:

Betsy is not going to ride her bike to school if it snows tomorrow.

3. Maybe Adam will have enough time. He will finish his composition tonight.

If Adam has enough time, he will finish his composition tonight.

OR:

Adam will finish his composition tonight if he has enough time.

4. Maybe I won’t get a letter tomorrow.  I will call my parents.

If I don’t get a letter tomorrow, I will call my parents.

OR:

I will call my parents if I don’t get a letter tomorrow.

 

 

P.15

because because of完成句子

 

1. We can’t visit the museum   because  it isn’t open.

2. Jim has to give up jogging  because of  his sprained ankle.

3. Because of  heavy fog at the airport, we had to stay in London for an extra day.

4. Because the elevator was broken, we had to walk up six flights of stairs.

5. Thousands of Irish people immigrated to the United States because of  the famine in Ireland in the mid-19th century.

6. The young couple decided not to buy the house because of  its poor condition.

 

P.16

合併句子

1.

image052

You telephoned.

I was taking a bath.

When you telephoned, I was taking a bath.

= I was taking a bath when you telephoned.

2.

image052

I went out.

It was raining.

When I went out, it was raining.

= It was raining when I went out.

 

3.

image052

Tina’s mom got home.

Tina was cleaning the room.

When Tina’s mom got home, she was cleaning the room.

= Tina was cleaning the room when her mom got home.

 

4.

image052

Max visited me last night.

I was doing my home work.

When Max visited me last night, I was doing my homework.

= I was doing my homework when Max visited me last night.

 

P.17

合併句子

 

1. He asked me. Could you help him?

He asked me if you could help him.

2. Mother wanted to know that. Did I pass the test?

Mother wanted to know if I passed the test.

3. Everyone wants to know that. Will it rain tomorrow?

Everyone wants to know if it will rain tomorrow.

 

P.18

翻譯填充

 

1. If I were a bird, I would fly in the sky.

2. If I had had enough time, I would have gone with you.

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