第三冊7單元 補充資料

標題句: You should stay here. Would you like to order now?

Could you open the door for me?

  : 情態助動詞(should, would, could)

 

image002  image003 image001

 

Modal Auxiliary

 

image005

 

Reading

 

Dear Aunt Lucy,

 

How are you doing? I miss you very much. Guess what? I am taking piano lessons now. I can play some simple songs. I will study harder and practice more. I hope I can play Chopin for you when we meet next time.

By the way, Mom said I can visit you this summer. I want to go to the Disneyland. I like cartoon characters, such as Mickey Mouse, Winnie the pooh, Snow White, and so on. I really want to take some pictures of them when I see them in the Disneyland.

     Please tell me more about your city. What else can I visit? Can’t wait to see you! Take care!

 

Sincerely yours,

Anne

 

 

image007

 

Reading Comprehension ( 依據內容選出正確答案 )

(  ) 1. Who wrote the letter?

(A) Aunt Lucy

(B) Anne

(C) Anne’s mom        

(  ) 2. Where does Anne want to visit?

(A) The tower of London

(B) The Statue of the Liberty 

(C) Disneyland

(  ) 3. Which character does Anne “not” like?

(A) Snow White

(B) Mickey Mouse

(C) E.T.

(  ) 4. What will Anne do when she meets Aunt Lucy next time?

(A) To show her the pictures which she took in the Disneyland

(B) To play the piano for her 

(C) To sing “Chopin” for her

(  ) 5. Can’t Anne wait to visit Aunt Lucy?

(A) No, she can’t.

(B) Yes, she can.

(C) We don’t know.

 

EXERCISE  1

 

文法小幫手

 

can / could : 表達能力、可能性、許可、推測等等意義。當表達能力與可能性時,can用於現在的狀況;could則用在過去的情況。

 

() 能力;推測

例:1. He can play baseball. (他會打棒球)

image076

2. She couldn’t speak Japanese when she was in Taiwan.

(當她在台灣時,她不會說日文)

image001

() 可能性:

例:1. Can the news be true? (這消息可能會是真的嗎?)

image002

2. His daughter couldn’t go out at night.

(他女兒晚上不可能出門)     

image003

3. Peter can notice that Mary wears a new necklace.

(Peter可能注意到Mary戴了新項鍊)

image002

4. My mother could be taking a rest.  Don’t bother her.

(我媽可能正在休息。不要打擾她。)

image003

() 許可

例:1. Can you lend me a piece of paper?

(你可以借我一張紙嗎?)

image022

2. Could you keep silent?

(可以請你們保持安靜嗎?)

image024

3. You can go now.

(妳可以離開了!)

 

()、常用句型

(1) can't help + V-ing 不禁;禁不住做某事

: 1. I can’t help thinking of you.

(我忍不住想起你。)

2. She can’t help crying out loudly.

(她忍不住大哭出來。)

(2) can’t help but + 原形動詞 不得不

: 1. I can’t help but quit the job.

(我不得不把這份工作給辭了。)

2. Mr. Lee can’t help but move to another place.

(Mr. Lee不得不搬到另一個地方去。)

(3). can’t be too + 形容詞  越好;再也不為過

: 1. You can’t be too careful in driving a car.

(開車再小心也不為過。)

2. You can’t be too polite in meeting others. 

(接待他人再禮貌也不為過。)

 

翻譯

 

1. A: 我想喝杯咖啡你會使用這台咖啡機嗎?

B: 當然。我會。

A: I’d like to have a cup of tea.                                  

B: Of course.                          

2. Peter不在家。他可能在路上了。

He’s not home.                       

 

3. A: 我可以再喝一杯果汁嗎?

B: 不行。你已經喝太多了。

A:                         

B: No, you can’t.                          

 

4. A: 別難過了!我想他可以體會你的感受。

B:我真希望他能!

A: Don’t be so sad!                          

B:                         

 

5. Kelly忍不住尖叫。

                       

 

6. Johnson不得不買下這輛車。

                       

 

7.當穿越街道時,再小心也不為過。

                       

 

Dialogue

 

At the store

image026

 

Salesperson: May I help you?

Customer: Yes. Well, do you remember me?

Salesperson: Sure, you bought a pair of glasses yesterday, right? What can I do for you today?

Customer: Yesterday my sister left her purse at your store. Did you see it here?

Salesperson: I am afraid not! But you can go to the mall office. People there will help you check with the Lost and Found Department and see if your sister’s purse is there.

Customer: Then where’s the mall office?

Salesperson: Turn right after you go out of our store.  Make a right turn at the bookstore. The office is around the corner on your left. You can find it easily.

Customer: Thanks for your help.

Salesperson: You’re welcome and good luck.

 

Vocabulary

 

1. remember  [http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/050.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/034.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/053.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/046.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/022.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/046.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/038.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/019.gif]   (動)  記得

2. bought  (動)  購買 (buy的過去式及過去分詞)

3. a pair of   (片)  一雙; 一組; 一對

4. forgot   (動)  忘記  (forget 的過去式)

5. purse   [http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/037.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/017.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/044.gif]   (名)  皮包

6. pick up   動片  拾起

7. check   [http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/039.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/025.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/022.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/041.gif]   (動)  查詢; 確認

8. Lost and Found Department   (名)  失物招領處

9. found   (動)   發現; 找到 (find的過去式)  

10. corner  [http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/053.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/041.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/016.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/050.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/047.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/019.gif]   (名)  轉角

 

Reading Comprehension ( 依據內容選出正確答案 )

 

(  ) 1. What happened to the customer?

(A) Her sister didn’t find the Lost and Found Department.

(B) Her sister forgot her purse at the store.

(C) Her sister got lost in the shopping mall.        

(  ) 2. What is the “Lost and Found Department?

(A) A place where you can check if anyone has found your lost bag.

(B) A place where you can buy some items other people had lost.

(C) A place where you can get some coupons.   

(  ) 3. Have the two girls found the purse?

(A) Yes, they have.

(B) No, they haven’t.

(C) We don’t know.     

(  ) 4. A: ______________________________

B: Go straight along this street, and make a right turn at the shoes store. The park is around the corner. (選不適合者)

(A) Excuse me.  Where’s “Youth Park”?

(B) Excuse.  How to get to Youth Park?

(C) Excuse me.  When is Youth Park open?       

  

EXERCISE 2

 

文法小幫手

 

may / might : 表達『許可』與『推測』。另外,當may用於表達『許可』時,比can更客氣。

 

()、許可:

例:May I go home now? (我可以回家了嗎? )

image044

()、推測:

例:1. He may be sick today. (他今天可能生病了。)

image046

2. She might win the game today. (她今天可能會贏得比賽。)

20081013213105359.png

() 祈願、祝福:

例:1. May God bless you! (願神祝福你! )

2. May you have a nice trip.  (願你趟愉快的旅行。)

3. may your dreams come true. (願你心想事成。)

 

翻譯

1. A: 我可以使用這部電腦嗎?

B: 當然。請便

A:                         

B: Of course.  Please help yourself.

2. A: 他們或許還能記得他所說的話

B: 但願如此

A:                         

B: I hope so.

 

EXERCISE  3

 

文法小幫手

 

would will的過去式,為『會、要』的意思。但would 常用於表達『過去習慣』或『請求』,比will更客氣( 與時態無關 )

 

()、過去習慣

例:Jimmy would go jogging when he was young.

(Jimmy年輕時,他都會慢跑。)

image051

()、請求

例:Would you open the door for me?

(可以請你幫我開門嗎? ) 

image053

()常用句型:

(1) would like to + V  想要…

: I would like to go shopping with you.

(我想跟你一起去逛街。)

image055

(2) would rather +V ( than V )  寧願而不願

: He would rather drink some tea than coffee.

(他寧願喝些茶而不願喝咖啡。)

image057

(3) would have + P.P  本來是會;原本是會

: If it had not rained, we would have come.

(如果沒下雨的話,我們本來是會來的。)

image059

 

翻譯

1. A: 你爸爸以前有抽煙的習慣嗎?

B: 在他戒煙前。他過去習慣飯後一根煙。

A: Would your father smoke before?

B:                         

 

2. A: 請你幫我ㄧ個忙好嗎?

B: 當然!榮幸之至。

A:                         

B: Certainly!  It’s my pleasure.

 

3. A: 女士,妳想要喝些什麼嗎?

B: 我想要一杯熱茶。

A:                       

B: I’d like to have a cup of hot tea.

 

4. Billy寧願明天再去看醫生也不願今天去。

                       

 

5. 如果你昨晚有來,我原本要請你吃頓晚餐的。

                       

 

EXERCISE  4

 

文法小幫手

 

must:是語氣非常強烈的情態助動詞,用來表達『需要』、『義務』、『強烈禁止』與『肯定推論』。但須注意must沒有過去式和未來式,必須借助have to 來表達。

 

()、需要:

例:You must stop smoking. (你必須要戒煙。)    

image062

()義務:

例:I must finish my homework tonight.

(今晚我必須要完成我的回家作業。)

image064

() 強烈禁止:

例:You mustn’t drive when you are drunk.

(當你喝醉時,千萬不能開車。)

image066

()、極有自信的推論:

例:Mary is absent today. She must be sick.

(Mary今天缺席,她一定是生病了。)

image068

()、常用句型: must have + pp 一定是

: He must have lost his way.

(他一定是迷路了。)

 

翻譯

 

1. A: 下班後,一起去喝一杯吧!

B: 不了,謝啦!我明天必須參加一個重要的會議。

A: Let’s have a drink after work!

B: No. Thanks.                         

 

2. A: 我一定要現在馬上開始工作嗎?

B: 不用!等我通知你時間!

A:                         

 

B: No, you don’t have to.  I’ll inform you of the time.

3. A: 你覺得什麼事情是絕對不能嘗試的?

B: 我認為是毒品。

A:                         

B: I think it’s drug.

 

4. A: 會是誰告訴老師的呢?

B: 一定是Joe。除了我們,只有他知道這件事。

A:                         

B:                        He is the only one who knows the truth, except us.

 

5. 她的父母一定是已經聽說這個消息。

                          

 

解答篇

Book 3 Unit 7

Modal Auxiliary

 

P.3

Reading Comprehension ( 依據內容選出正確答案 )

 

( B ) 1. Who wrote the letter?

(A) Aunt Lucy.

(B) Anne.

(C) Anne’s mom.

( C ) 2. Where does Lucy want to visit?

(A) The tower of London.

(B) The Statue of the Liberty.

(C) Disneyland.

( C ) 3. Which character does Lucy “not” like?

(A) Snow White.

(B) Mickey Mouse.

(C) E.T.

( B ) 4. What will Lucy do when she meets Aunt Lucy next time?

(A) To show her the pictures which she took in the Disneyland.

(B) To play the piano for her.

(C) To sing “Chopin” for her.

( A ) 5. Can’t Lucy wait to visit Aunt Lucy?

(A) No, she can’t.

(B) Yes, she can.

(C) We don’t know.

 

P.6

翻譯

 

1. A: 我想喝杯咖啡你會使用這台咖啡機嗎?

B: 當然。我會。

A: I’d like to have a cup of tea. Can you use this coffee machine?

B: Of course. I can.   

2. Peter不在家。他可能在路上了。

He’s not home.  He can be on the way.

3. A: 我可以再喝一杯果汁嗎?

B: 不行。你已經喝太多了。

Can I have one more glass of juice?

No, you can’t. You’ve had too much.

4. A: 別難過了!我想他可以體會你的感受。

A: Don’t be so sad!  I think he can understand your feelings.

B: 我真希望他能!

B: I really hope he can!  (I hope he really can.)

5. Kelly忍不住尖叫。

Kelly can’t help screaming.

6. Johnson不得不買下這輛車。

Johnson can’t help but buy the car.

7.當穿越街道時,再小心也不為過。

You can’t be too careful when crossing the street.

 

P.9

Reading Comprehension ( 依據內容選出正確答案 )

 

( B ) 1. What happened to the customer?

(A) Her sister didn’t find the Lost and Found Department.

(B) Her sister forgot her purse at the store.

(C) Her sister got lost in the shopping mall.         

( A ) 2. What is the “Lost and Found Department?

(A) A place where you can check if anyone has found your lost bag.

(B) A place where you can buy some items other people had lost.

(C) A place where you can get some coupons.   

( B ) 3. Have the two girls found the purse?

(A) Yes, they have.

(B) NO, they haven’t.

(C) We don’t know.     

( C ) 4. A: ______________________________

B: Go straight along this street, and make a right turn at the shoes store. The park is around the corner. (選不適合者)

(A) Excuse me. Where’s “Youth Park”?

(B) Excuse. How to get to Youth Park?

(C) Excuse me. When is Youth Park open?       

 

P.10

翻譯

1. A: 我可以使用這部電腦嗎?

B: 當然。請便

A: May I use this computer?

B: Of course.  Please help yourself.

2. A: 他們或許還能記得他所說的話

B: 但願如此。

A: They may remember what he said.

B: I hope so.

P.12

翻譯

                                                        

1. A: 你爸爸以前有抽煙的習慣嗎?

B: 在他戒煙前。他過去習慣飯後一根煙。

A: Would your father smoke before?

B: Before he quit smoking, he would smoke after a meal.

2. A: 請你幫我ㄧ個忙好嗎?

B: 當然!榮幸之至。

A: Would you please do me a fever?

B: Certainly!  It’s my pleasure.

3. A: 女士,妳想要喝些什麼嗎?

B: 我想要一杯熱茶。

A: What would you like to drink, ma’am?

B: I’d like to have a cup of hot tea.

4. Billy寧願明天再去看醫生也不願今天去。

Billy would rather go to a doctor tomorrow than today.

 

P.14

翻譯

 

1. A:下班後,一起去喝一杯吧!

B:不了,謝啦!我明天必須參加一個重要的會議。

A: Let’s have a drink after work!

B: No. Thanks. I must attend a very important meeting tomorrow.

2. A: 我一定要現在馬上開始工作嗎?

B: 不用!等我通知你時間!

A: Must I do the job right now?

B: No, you don’t have to. I’ll inform you of the time.

3. A: 你覺得什麼事情是絕對不能嘗試的?

B: 我認為是毒品。

A: What do you think we mustn’t try?

B: I think it’s drug.

4. A: 會是誰告訴老師的呢?

B: 一定是Joe。除了我們,只有他知道這件事。

A: Who told the teacher about it?

B: It must be Joe.  He is the only one who knows the truth, except us.

5. 她的父母一定是已經聽說這個消息。

Her parents must have heard about the news. 

創用CC標示:
CC