第四冊 1 單元 補充資料

標題句 : John is as heavy as Sean. Tim is taller than you.

It’s the most expensive pen in our store .

  : 形容詞、副詞 ( 原級、比較級、最高級 )

 

Vocabulary

 

1.expensive    [ http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/034.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/041.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/053.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/044.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/037.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/022.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/047.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/044.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/034.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/043.gif ]      昂貴的

2.thousand    [ http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/053.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/028.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/002.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/015.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/045.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/059.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/040.gif ]      

3.take a look      看一看

4.afford     [ ]       買得起

 

Dialogue

 

A: May I help you?

B: Yes.   How much are the two pens?

A: Ten dollars for each of them.

B: Isn’t the red one more expensive than the blue one?

A: No.   You are lucky today.   The red one is on sale now, so it is as cheap as the blue one.

B: How about the gold one in the window?

A: It’s five thousand dollars.  

B: Excuse me, five thousand dollars?

A: Yes.   It’s the finest and the most expensive pen in our store.   Do you want to take a look at it?

B: No, thank you!   I don’t think I can afford it!

 

 

Reading Comprehension ( 依對話內容選出正確答案 )

 

(   ) 1. According to the dialogue, where are the two people?

     (A) In a restaurant

(B) In a supermarket

(C) In a stationery store

(   ) 2. Why is the red pen as cheap as the blue one?

     (A) Because the red pen is on sale.

(B) Because the blue pen is on sale.

(C) Because the clerk made mistakes.

(   ) 3. Which pen is the most expensive in that store?

     (A) The blue pen.

(B) The re pen

(C) The gold pen.

(   ) 4. How much is the most expensive pen in that store?

     (A) 50 dollars

(B) 500 dollars

(C) 5,000 dollars

(   ) 5. Did the customer buy the most expensive pen in that store?

     (A) Yes, he did.

(B) No, he didn’t

(C) We don’t know.

 

補充句型一

 

某物+ be on sale    某物特價中

地點 have / has a sale …   某地舉行大特賣 ~  

例:

    1. The sofa is on sale. ( 這張沙發正在特價中。)

2.The bookstore is having a big sale now. ( 這間書店現在舉行大特賣。)

 

Exercise ( 翻譯 )

1. 那些洋裝特價中。

                                    

2. 這間百貨公司現在正在舉行最後出清。

                                   

 

 

補充句型二

 

I think + (tha t) 子句   我想 ~ ;我認為 ~

例:

    I think that she is honest. ( 我想她是誠實的。 )

 

Exercise ( 填充 )

1.                 are the pen and the pencil box?

( 那枝筆以及鉛筆盒一共多少錢 ? )

2.These dresses are               . ( 那些洋裝正在特價中。 )

3.This department store                 the final       .

( 這間百貨公司現正舉行最後出清。 )

4.                        at my dad’s new car. ( 看看我爸爸的新車。 )

5.                the telephone number is wrong. ( 我認為這個電話號碼是錯的。 )

 

補充句型三

 

(1) . as +形容詞+ as… 用來表示所比較的兩部分在某方面相同時。

例:

    Tina is as old as Sam (is). Tina Sam 年紀一樣大。)

 

(2) . not quite as +形容詞+ as… 表「些微差異」。

例:

    Tina is not quite as old asSam (is). Tina 不像 Sam 那麼 。)

 

(3) . not nearly as +形容詞+ as… 表「差異很大」。

例:

    Tina is not nearly as old asSam (is). Tina 遠比 Sam 年紀輕。)

 

(4) . 倍數+ as 形容詞 as … 表「 ~ ~ 的倍」

  一半   half  

  兩倍 twice

  三倍(以上) three times, four times…

  例:

      This swimming pool is twice as large as that pool.

  (這游泳池是那個池子的兩倍大。)

 

(5) . as +形容詞 / 副詞+ as possible as +形容詞 / 副詞+ one can 表示「盡可能」

           

   例:

      I will come home as soon as possible. (我盡早趕回家。)

 

Exercise ( 填充 : 可填不只一個字 )

 

1. The red pen is                   that notebook.

( 這枝紅筆和那本筆記本一樣貴。 )

 

2. The weather in Tainan is                           in Kaohsiung .

( 台南的天氣 沒有 高雄 )

 

3. The schoolbag is                      that bag.

( 書包遠比袋子輕。 )

 

4. The line is               that line.

( 這個隊伍是那個隊伍的一半長。 )

 

EXERCISE   1

 

文法小幫手 : 形容詞之比較級形成

 

( ) 規則變化

(1) 大部分單音節形容詞比較級是在形容詞結尾+ er

例: old → older , wise → wiser

(2) 字尾是 y ,去 y ier

例: happy → happier , heavy → heavier , busy → busier

(3) 若形容詞為多音節,比較級在形容詞之前+ more

例: comfortable → more comfortable , beautiful → more beautiful

(4) 在單音節字中,其母音為短母音時,重複字尾+ er

例: big → bigger , hot → hotter

 

( ) 不規則變化

例: good → better , bad → worse

 

將下列形容詞原級改為比較級

 

1 close →           

2 happy →               

3 cheap →             

4 fat →             

5 low →               

6 dirty →             

7 dark →                

8 convenient →              

9 lazy →            

10 thin →               

 

EXERCISE    2

 

A + be + 形容詞 比較級 than + B

 

例:

    Taking the MRT is more convenient than taking a bus.

(搭捷運比搭公車還方便。)

 

 

填充

1. My dog is                    your dog. (your dog = yours)

  ( 我家的狗比你家的狗聰明。 )

2. John’s shoes are                      yours.

  (John 的鞋子比你的髒。 )

 

 

 

EXERCISE   3

 

文法小幫手

much , even , far , less , a little , a bit , a lot 常用來 修飾比較級

 

 
 

 


例:

    Sue is much younger thanJudy. Sue Judy 年輕很多。)

 

 

填充

1.      This house is                      that one. ( 這間房子比那間貴多了。 )

2. This color is                    that one. ( 這顏色比那顏色亮一點。 )

 

EXERCISE   4

 

文法小幫手 : 形容詞的最高級的形成

 

( ) 規則變化

(1) 大部分單音節形容詞最高級是在形容詞結尾+ est

例: old → the oldest , wise → the wisest

(2) 字尾是 y ,去 y iest

例: happy → the happiest , heavy → the heaviest , busy → the busiest

(3) 若形容詞為 三個或三個音節以上,最高級要在形容詞之前+ most

例: comfortable → the most comfortable , beautiful → the most beautiful

(4) 在單音節字中,其母音為短母音時,重複字尾+ est

例: hot → the hottest , wet → the wettest

( ) 不規則變化

例: good → the best , bad → the worst

 

 

將下列形容詞原級改成最高級

 

1 . long →                

2.light →              

3.tall →                 

4.lazy →             

5.kind →                

6.lucky →               

7.easy →                  

8.marvelous →                

9 . modern →                  

10.slow →                

 

EXERCISE   5

 

S be + the (most) +形容詞最高級

例:

Lisa is the best student in our class.   (Lisa 是我們班最好的學生。 )

填充

1. Joseph is               boy in our family.   (Joseph 是我們班最高的男生。 )

2. The umbrella is                in our store. ( 這是我們店裏最大的一支傘。 )

 

 

EXERCISE   6

 

在最高級中,比較的範圍表達 :    (1) in +場所或團體

                             (2) of +代名詞或複數名詞

 

 
 

 

 


例:

He is the tallest student in my class. ( 他是我們班最高的學生。 )

 

填充

 

1. Joseph is the tallest boy                     .

( Joseph 是我們家最高的男孩。 )

2. She is the thinnest               .

( 她是這三個女孩中最瘦的一個。 )

 

EXERCISE   7

 

文法小幫手 : 其它重要的最高級句型

 

(1)   by far / much the 最高級~或 the very +最高級   強調最高級的意思

例:

    He is by far / much the best player on the school team.

    (他是校隊中最優秀的選手。)

 

  (2) the +序數+形容詞最高級+單數名詞~   表示「第幾~」

例:

    1. He is the third tallest studentin my class. (他是我們班第三高的男生。)

    2. Kevin is the least friendly in his family. (Kevin 是他家最不友善的人。 )

 

 

填充

 

1. She is                                   at the party.

( 她是派對中最漂亮的女生。 )

2. This is                      company in Taiwan .

( 這間是台灣第二大的公司。 )

 

 

Dialogue

 

A: Your English is very good. You speak English as well as Americans do.

   I envy you.

B: Thank you.   I practice it every day, and I often talk with foreigners on my business trip.   So, speaking English well is part of my job.

A: I just can’t do it better.   I’m always afraid of talking to others in English.

B: Don’t be so nervous!   Making mistakes is normal when you learn a language.   Try harder and your English will be better.

A: Thanks for your advice.   I’ll spend more time and effort.

B: Practice makes the master!   You’ll make it some day.

Vocabulary

1. foreigner    [ http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/053.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/042.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/016.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/050.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/034.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/047.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/019.gif ]        外國人

2. afraid    [ http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/018.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/053.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/042.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/050.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/021.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/040.gif ]        擔心;怕

3. mistake    [ http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/046.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/034.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/053.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/044.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/039.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/021.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/041.gif ]        錯誤

4. spend    [ http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/044.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/037.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/022.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/047.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/040.gif ]        花費

5. master    [ http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/053.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/046.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/001.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/044.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/039.gif http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/019.gif ]       大師

 

Reading Comprehension   ( 是非題 : 依對話內容回答 × )

(   ) 1.Don’t be afraid of making mistakes when you learn English.  

(   ) 2. Practicing English every day can’t improve your English.

(    ) 3. Talking with others in English is a good method to learn English.

(   ) 4. If you can’t speak English as well as an American does, you shouldn’t talk with foreigners.  

(    ) 5. Making mistakes is normal when you learn English.

 

 

補充句型一

      

例:

    Speaking English well is important.

  To speak English well is important.

  It is important to speak English well.

 

Exercise ( 填充 )

             every day is very important.

         every day is very important.

          is very important                      every day.

  ( 每天做運動是很重要的。 )

 

補充句型二

           

例:

    1. My sister is afraid of mice.

       ( 我妹妹害怕老鼠。 )

    2. Penny is afraid to talk to teachers.

      Penny is afraid of talking to teachers.

           ( Penny 害怕與老師談話。 )

    3. I am afraid that I can’t go to the movies with you tonight.

          ( 我恐怕今晚無法跟你一起去看電影。)

 

 

Exercise ( 填充 )

 

 

例:

    1. Get up earlier, and you’ll catch the train.

      ( 早一點起床,你就能趕上火車。 )

    2. Read the book, and you’ll find all the answers.

      ( 讀了這本書,然後妳將會找到所有的答案。)

    3. Don’t tell a lie anymore , or nobody will believe you.

      ( 不要再說謊,否則就不會有人再相信你。 )

 

 

Exercise   ( 填充 )

1.                      ,                   you’ll pass the exam.

  (再用功點,你就能通過考試。)

2.                        ,            nobody will believe you.

  (不要再說謊了,否則就不會再有人相信你了。)

 

EXERCISE   8

 

文法小幫手 : 副詞的比較級的形成

 

( ) 規則變化

 

   (1) ly 結尾的副詞比較級通常在副詞前+ more

     例: slowly → more slowly , carefully → more carefully

 

   (2) 單音節副詞比較級通常在字尾+ er

     例: fast → faster , hard → harder

 

( ) 不規則變化

  例: well → better, badly → worse , far → further

 

 

 

請將下列副詞原級改為比較級

 

1 . angrily →                   

2.quietly →                  

3.early →                     

4 . late →                    

5.seriously →                  

6.carefully →                    

7.easily →                     

8 . luckily →                     

9 . comfortably →                   

10.quickly →                    

 

EXERCISE   9

 

文法小幫手 : 副詞最高級的形成

 

( ) 規則變化

 

  (1). ly 結尾的副詞比較級通常在前+ most

     例: slowly → the most slowly , carefully → the most carefully

 

  (2) 單音節副詞最高級通常+ est

     例: fast → the fastest , hard → the hardest

 

( ) 不規則變化

   例: well → the best , badly → the worst , far → the furthest

 

 

 

請將下列副詞原級改為最高級

 

1.angrily →                   

2.quietly →                     

3.early →                       

4.late →                      

5.seriously →                     

6.carefully →                 

7 . easily →                      

8.luckily →                         

9.comfortably →                  

10.quickly →                    

 

EXERCISE   10

 

文法小幫手 : 重要副詞原級比較句型

 

(1) as +副詞+ as… 用來表示所比較的兩部分在某方面相同時

  例:

     John runs as fast as Peter (does). John Peter 跑得一樣快。)

 

(2) not quite as +副詞+ as… 表「些微差異」

  例:

     John doesn’t run quite as fast as Peter ( does ). John 跑得不如 Peter 快。)

 

(3) not nearly as +副詞+ as… 表「差異很大」。

  例:

     John doesn’t run nearly as fast as Peter ( does ).

      ( John 跑得速度遠不如 Peter 來的快。 )

 

 

 

填充

 

1. He cried                       Mary. ( 他哭得和 Mary 一樣傷心。 )

2. Alan                       Tony in math.

( Alan 在數學考試的表現不如 Tony 好。 )

3. Ivy                                    Karen.

( Ivy 無法將英語說得像 Karen 一樣好。 )

 

EXERCISE   11

 

S + V + 副詞比較級 than ~

 

  :

    He does his homework more carefully than you (do).

    ( 他做功課比你細心。 )

 

翻譯填充

 

1.      I even came home                      my dad. ( 我甚至比我爸晚回家。 )

2.      Johnson works                       before. (Johnson 比以前努力。 )

 

 

 

EXERCISE   12

 

S + V + the (most) + 副詞最高級 ~

 

  :

I slept the most comfortably last night. ( 我昨晚睡得最舒適。 )     

 

翻譯填充

 

1.      Tim catches the ball                      because it is the smallest one.

(Tim 抓這顆球最容易,因為它最小。 )

2.      He listened to the ball game on the radio                        .

( 他聽收音機裏的球賽轉播最仔細。 )   

 

解答篇

BOOK 4 UNIT 1

comparatives

P..3 Reading Comprehension ( 依對話內容選出正確答案 )

 

( C ) 1. According to the dialogue, where are the two people?

     (A) In a restaurant

(B) In a supermarket

(C) In a stationery store

( A ) 2. Why is the red pen as cheap as the blue one?

     (A) Because the red pen is on sale.

(B) Because the blue pen is on sale.

(C) Because the clerk made mistakes.

( C ) 3. Which pen is the most expensive in that store?

     (A) The blue pen.

(B) The re pen

(C) The gold pen.

( C ) 4. How much is the most expensive pen in that store?

     (A) 50 dollars

(B) 500 dollars

(C) 5,000 dollars

( B ) 5. Did the customer buy the most expensive pen in that store?

     (A) Yes, he did.

(B) No, he didn’t

(C) We don’t know.

 

P. 4 Exercise ( 翻譯 )

1. 那些洋裝特價中。

There dresser are on sale now.

2. 這間百貨公司現在正在舉行最後出清。

The department store is having the final sale.

 

P. 4 Exercise ( 填充 )

1. How much are the pen and the pencil box? ( 那枝筆以及鉛筆盒一共多少錢 ? )

2.These dresses are on sale . ( 那些洋裝正在特價中。 )

3.This department store is having the final sale . ( 這間百貨公司現正舉行最後出 清。 )

4. Take a look at my dad’s new car. ( 看看我爸爸剛買的新車。 )

5. I think the telephone number is wrong. ( 我認為這個電話號碼是錯的。 )

 

P. 6 Exercise ( 填充 )

 

1. The red pen is as expensive as that notebook.

( 這枝紅筆和那本筆記本一樣貴。 )

2. The weather in Tainan is not quite as hot as (that) in Kaohsiung .

( 台南的天氣 沒有 高雄 )

3. The schoolbag is not nearly as heavy as that bag.

( 書包遠比袋子輕。 )

4. The line is half as long as that line.

( 這個隊伍是那個隊伍的一半長。 )

 

P. 7 將下列形容詞原級改為比較級

 

1 close → closer

2 happy → happier

3 cheap → cheaper

4 fat → fatter

5 low → lower

6 dirty → dirtier

7 dark → darker

8 convenient → more convenient

9 lazy → lazier

10 thin → thinner

 

P. 8 填充

1. My dog is smarter than your dog. (your dog = yours)

  ( 我家的狗比你家的狗聰明。 )

2. John’s shoes are dirtier than yours.

  (John 的鞋子比你的髒。 )

 

P. 8 填充

1.      This house is far more expensive than that one. ( 這間房子比那間貴多了。 )

2.      This color is a little brighter than that one. ( 這顏色比那顏色亮一點。 )

 

P. 9 將下列形容詞原級改成最高級

 

1 . long → the longes t

2.light → the lightest

3.tall → the tallest

4.lazy → the laziest

5.kind → the kindest

6.lucky → the luckest

7.easy → the easiest

8.marvelous → the marvelous

9 . modern → the mordenest

10.slow → the slowest

 

P. 10 填充

1. Joseph is the tallest boy in our family.   (Joseph 是我們班最高的男生。 )

2. The umbrella is the biggest in our store. ( 這是我們店裏最大的一支傘。 )

 

 

P. 10 填充

 

1. Joseph is the tallest boy in our family .

( Joseph 是我們家最高的男孩。 )

2. She is the thinnest of the three girls .

( 她是這三個女孩中最瘦的一個。 )

 

P. 11 填充

 

1. She is by far / much the most beautiful girl at the party.

( 她是派對中最漂亮的女生。 )

2. This is the second biggest company in Taiwan .

( 這間是台灣第二大的公司。 )

 

P. 13 Reading Comprehension   ( 是非題 : 依對話內容回答 × )

( ) 1.Don’t be afraid of making mistakes when you learn English.  

( × ) 2. Practicing English every day can’t improve your English.

( ) 3. Talking with others in English is a good method to learn English.

( × ) 4. If you can’t speak English as well as an American does, you shouldn’t talk with foreigners.  

( ) 5. Making mistakes is normal when you learn English.

 

P.13 Exercise ( 填充 )

Exercising every day is very important.

To exercise every day is very important.

It is very important to do exercise every day.

  ( 每天做運動是很重要的。 )

 

P. 14   Exercise ( 填充 )

 

Jane is afraid   of waking up her classmates.

                to wake up her classmates.

                that she could wake up her classmates.

( Jane 擔心會吵醒同學們。 )

P. 15

Exercise   ( 填充 )

1.      Study harder , and you’ll pass the exam.

  (再用功點,你就能通過考試。)

2.      Don’t tell a lie anymore , or nobody will believe you.

  (不要再說謊了,否則就不會再有人相信你了。)

 

P. 16 請將下列副詞原級改為比較級

 

1 . angrily → more angrily

2.quietly → more quietly

3.early → earlier

4 . late → later

5.seriously → more seriously

6.carefully → more carefully

7.easily → more easily

8 . luckily → more luckily

9 . comfortably → more comfortably

10.quickly → more quickly

 

P. 17 請將下列副詞原級改為最高級

 

1.angrily → the most angrily

2.quietly → the most quietly

3.early → the earliest

4.late → the latest

5.seriously → the most seriously

6.carefully → the most carefully

7 . easily → the most easily

8.luckily → the most luckily

9.comfortably → the most comfortably

10.quickly → the most quickly

 

P. 18 填充

 

1. He cried as sadly as Mary. ( 他哭得和 Mary 一樣傷心。 )

2. Alan doesn’t do quite as well as Tony in math.

( Alan 在數學考試的表現不如 Tony 好。 )

3. Ivy doesn’t speak English as well as Karen.

( Ivy 無法將英語說得像 Karen 一樣好。 )

 

 

 

P. 19 翻譯填充

 

1.      I even cam home later than my dad. ( 我甚至比我爸晚回家。 )

2.      Johnson works harder than before. (Johnson 比以前努力。 )

 

P. 19 翻譯填充

 

1.      Tim catches the ball the most easily because it is the smallest one.

(Tim 抓這顆球最容易,因為它最小。 )

2.      He listened to the ball game on the radio the most carefully .

( 他聽收音機裏的球賽轉播最仔細。 )   

 

 

創用CC標示:
CC