第四冊3單元 補充資料

 

標題句One of my friends is a doctor.

    Several of his classmates speak English well.

    I need a pair of shorts. The book looks like an old one.

結 構數量不定代名詞(含不定代名詞 one, ones)、單位量詞

Book Four
UNIT 3
 

 

 


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1.     a bowl of 一碗

2.     a slice of 一片

3.     an order of 一份          

4.     a glass of 一杯

5.     a dish of 一碟

6. a plate of 一盤

7. a pair of 一對; 一雙

8. a box of 一盒

9. a tin of 一罐

 

 

10. a pack of 一包

11. a carton of 一紙盒

12. a jar of一玻璃罐

13. a bag of一袋

14. a loaf of一條

15. a basket of一籃

16. a dozen of一打

17. a liter of一公升

18. a spoonful of一匙

 

Vocabulary

Clothing:

1.     underwear        內衣

2.     briefs       短內褲

3.     pajamas      (寬大的) 睡衣褲

4.     bra     胸罩

5.     panties       短內褲

6.     blouse      (婦女,兒童等的) 短上衣,短衫

7.     sandal       涼鞋;拖鞋

8.     loafer       平底鞋

9.     slipper        室內拖鞋

10.    running shoes   運動鞋   

11. dress shoes     禮服鞋

12. sports shirt     運動衣

13. suit         西裝

14. panty hose     褲襪    

 

 

Food:

1. chocolate    巧克力

2. patato chip   洋芋片
3. popcorn  
  爆米花  
4. crisp     
  馬鈴薯脆片

5. doughnut      甜甜圈  

6. soda          汽水
7. toast       
  吐司  
8. biscuit      
  比斯吉

 

 

 

Dialogue

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Saleswoman: Can I help you?

Jack: Yes. I need a pair of shorts.

Saleswoman: What size do you need?

Jack: Medium. I like these shorts. How much are they?

Saleswoman: Uh, let’s see. They’re $2,999.

Jack: Are you kidding? $2,999 for a pair of shorts?

 

EXERCISE  1

你在百貨公司男裝部可能找到哪些東西? 請在圖片下填入正確的名稱。

1.

image050.jpg

_____________

2.

image048.jpg

_____________

3.

image054.jpg

_____________

4.

image052.jpg

_____________

5.

image058.jpg

_____________

6.

image056.jpg

_____________

7.

image060.jpg

_____________

8.

image062.jpg

_____________

9.

image066.jpg

_____________

10.

image064.jpg

_____________

 

EXERCISE  2

你在百貨公司女裝部可能找到哪些東西? 請在圖片下填入正確的名稱。

1.

image070.jpg

_____________

2.

image068.jpg

_____________

3.

image074.jpg

_____________

4.

image072.jpg

_____________

5.

image078.jpg

_____________

6.

image076.jpg

_____________

7.

image080.jpg

_____________

8.

image082.jpg

_____________

 

 

EXERCISE  3

你在百貨公司鞋子部門可能找到哪些東西? 請在圖片下填入正確的名稱。

1.

image084.jpg

_____________

2.

image086.jpg

_____________

3.

image090.jpg

_____________

4.

image088.jpg

_____________

5.

image094.jpg

_____________

6.

image092.jpg

_____________

 

 

EXERCISE  4

根據圖片寫出正確的單位量詞及物品名稱。

1.

image098.jpg

_____________

2.

image096.jpg

_____________

3.

image102.jpg

_____________

4.

image100.jpg

_____________

5.

image106.jpg

_____________

6.

image104.jpg

_____________

7.

image108.jpg

_____________

8.

image110.jpg

_____________

9.

image112.jpg

_____________

10.

image114.jpg

_____________

 

 

EXERCISE  5

根據圖片完成對話

Jack:

I’m going to the supermarket later. I think we need _________image116.jpg   don’t we?

Jane:

Yes, we do. And I want__________ image118.jpg

Linda needs________  image120.jpgand________image122.jpg

Jack:

Do Dad and Mom need anything?

Jane:

Mom needs _______image124.jpg and

Dad needs ________image126.jpg

Jack:

Do we have any rice at home?

Jane:

Oh! No. Remember to buy _______image128.jpg

 

 

EXERCISE  6

根據答案上擺設的物品,依提示的名詞,填入正確的數量詞或單位量詞

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Look at the kitchen table.  What is there on it?

1.     banana      There are _________________________________

2.     rice         There are  _______________________________

3.     coffee       There is _________________________________

4.     sugar       There is __________________________________

5.     milk        There are _________________________________

6.     cookies      There are _________________________________

7.     honey       There are _________________________________

8.     lemon       There are _________________________________

9.     toast        There are _________________________________

10.    cheese      There are _________________________________

 

EXERCISE  7

依提示的可數名詞或不可數填入how many how much的疑問詞

1.     ____________ sweets can you eat?

2.     ____________ apple juice is there?

3.     ____________ oranges should we buy?

4.     ____________ milk did you drink?

5.     ____________ potatoes did you buy?

6.     ____________ butter do you need?

7.     ____________ crisps are there?

8.     ____________ grapes do they have?

9.     ____________ peanut butter do you need?

10.    ____________ biscuits are there?


EXERCISE  8

依圖示填入需要或不需要的物品

: We need cheese,image132.jpg but we don’t need butter. (奶油)

1. We need _______image190.jpg but we don’t need _______

2. We need a _______image191.gif but we don’t need a _____

3. We need _______image192.gif but we don’t need _______

4. We need ________image193.jpg but we don’t need _______

5. We need ________image194.gif but we don’t need _______

6. We need _______image195.gif but we don’t need _______

7. We need _______image196.gif but we don’t need _______

 

 

文法小幫手

英語中的名詞可以分為可數不可數」兩種。前者稱為可數名詞,分成「單數複數兩種類型。

 

例:There is an apple. (單數)

There are three apples. (複數)

 

    對於一些無法數的名詞,則稱不可數名詞。由於不可數名詞只有單數形,因此在不可數名詞前,不能加上a或一、二、三等字。但是我們可以利用單位量詞來計算、描述這些不可數名詞。

 

例:1. They don’t need any coffee.

2. There is a cup of coffee on the table.


EXERCISE  9

依圖片完成TonyLinda將要採購的物品。

    It’s Saturday morning. Tony and Linda are going to go shopping. They’re discussing what they’re going to buy. Please complete the sentences.

 

Tony: How much milk do we need?

Linda: ___________________ (三公升)

Tony: And eggs? How many eggs?

Linda: ___________________ (二打蛋)

Tony: And what about potatoes?

Linda: Two kilos will be enough.

Tony: And butter?

Linda: ___________________ (一包)

Tony: Do we need bread?

Linda: ___________________ (二條)

Tony: What else?

Linda: ___________________ (三瓶汽水) 


EXERCISE  10

依提示的單位詞填入空格中。

例:(slice, cup, piece)

I’d like a cup of coffee.

 

1.     (piece, slice, glass) 

Would you give me two __________ of water?

2.     (liter, slice, cup)   

We need thirty __________  of gas for tomorrow.

3.     (bottle, piece, slice)

My teacher gave me two __________ of advice.

4.     (glass, cup, spoonful) 

Jack: Would you like any sugar in your coffee?

Linda: Yes, I usually take two __________ of sugar in my coffee.

5.     (spoonful, glass, slice) 

Mr. Wang needs two __________ of cheese on his toast.

6.     (on, glass, kilo)

We bought half a __________ of meat this morning.  

7.     (cup, spoonful, piece)

We have a difficult __________ of math homework today.

8.     (glass, piece, spoonful)

Mary carried three __________ of luggage with her to Taipei.

 

EXERCISE 11

文法小幫手不定代名詞用法

不定代名詞:是指用以表示不定數或不定量的人或物的代名詞。

 

A)代表可數名詞的不定代名詞

One

Each

Every one

ofthe(所有格)+可數複數名詞}+複數人稱代名詞受格

is

一個

每一個

每一個

Both

All

Some

Many

Most

are

二者

全部

一些

許多

大部分

例:

1.     One of the students was late this morning.

   (今天早上其中一個學生遲到了。)

2.     Some of the students are from the U.S..

   (其中一些學生來自美國。)

3.     Each of them gets a new book.

   他們中每個人各得到ㄧ本新書。

 

翻譯填充

1.     _____ of ____ ________ are good.

   (這些學生之中大部分是好的。)

2.     One of my daughters _______ a dictionary.

   (我的女兒之中的一位需要一本字典。)

3.     ____ of the three dogs _____ black.

   (這三隻狗之中的任何一隻都是黑色的。)

4.     _____ of my ______ ______ teachers.

   (我的大部分同學都當老師。)

5.     I don’t know ______  _____ of _________.

   (我並非都認識他們之中的每一位。)   

B)代表不可數的不定代名詞

All

Of+{the(所有格)+不可數名詞 it

 

全部

Some

 

一些

Any

is

任何

Much

 

許多

Most

 

大部分

 

例:

1.         All of the water here was polluted.

(這裡所有的水都被污染了。)

2.         Most of the food in the store is organic.

(這家商店大部分的食物是有機的。)

重組句子:請注意大小寫

1.     milk / is / much / the / of / fresh.

 

________________________________________________

2.     is / fruit / some / the / cheap / of.

 

________________________________________________

3.     it / is / most / from / of / Taiwan ?

 

________________________________________________

4.     much / money / of / is / the / Mr. Lin’s.

 

________________________________________________

5.     finish / of / all / homework / do / you / the ?

 

________________________________________________

 

EXERCISE 12

是非題(對的打○,錯的打×)

(     ) 1. Every of the girls is Tom’s sister.

(     ) 2. Each of the girls enjoys playing the piano.

(     ) 3. Both of parents live in America.

(     ) 4. Two of the five answers are correct. 

(     ) 5. One of the three boys are wrong.

(     ) 6. I like all of the them.

(     ) 7. Both of the boys are in the room.

(     ) 8. Many boys are in the room.

(     ) 9. Some the boys enjoy playing basketball.

(     ) 10. Do any of you like vegetables ?

 

EXERCISE 13

文法小幫手— oneones的用法

(A) one = 前面所提到的a +單數普通名詞,用以避免重複。

例:

1.     A: Do you have a knife?

B: Yes, I have one.

A: 你有刀子嗎?  B: 是的,我有一把。)

2.     I need a car.  I want to buy one.

   (我需要車子,我想買壹台。)

3.     I don’t have a pen.  Can I borrow one from you?

   (我沒有筆,可以像你借ㄧ枝嗎﹖)

 

     翻譯填充

1. A house built of stone is stronger than _______ built of wood.

   (石造的房子比木造的堅固。)

2. Jenny has no good friend.  She wants to have _______.

   Jenny沒有朋友,她想要擁有。)

3. I need an English dictionary.  Can I borrow ________ from her?

   (我需要ㄧ本英文字典。我可以向她借嗎?

 

(B) ones = 前面所提到的複數名詞,用以避免重複。

:

4.     I don’t like long stories.  How about short ones?

(我不喜歡長的故事。短的如何?

5.     Try on these red shoes.  These are nicer than those white ones.

(試試這些紅的鞋子,這些比那些白的好。)

6.     She has three flowers;  a red one=flower and two white ones=flowers.

(她有三朵花。 ㄧ朵紅的,兩朵白的。)

 

翻譯填充

1.     These new cars are better than those old ________.

(這些新車比那些舊車好。)

2.     Dad has three horses.  A white _______ and two black ________.

(爸爸有三匹馬。一匹白的和兩匹黑的。)

3.     He doesn’t like yellow shirts.  He wants some blue _________.

(他不喜歡黃色襯衫。她想要ㄧ些藍色的。)

 

EXERCISE 14

圈選正確的字

1.     I’ve lost my umbrella.  I think I have to buy a new ( one, ones ).

2.     Are there any more books?  I’ve read all these old ( one, ones ).

3.     Is this your house?  It is a very pretty ( one, ones ).

4.     Have you ever seen a lion?  Yes, I’ve seen ( one, ones ) before.

5.     I like those pencils.  I’ll take a blue ( one, ones ).

6.     Give me another ( one, ones ), please.

7.     These are too small.  Show me larger ( one, ones ).

8.     Have you a watch?  Yes, I have ( one, ones ).

 

解答篇

Book4 Unit 3

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EXERCISE  1

1. sports shirt  2. underwear  3. briefs  4. shirt  5. sweater 

6. pants  7. tie  8. belt  9. suit  10. pajamas 

 

EXERCISE  2

1. panty hose  2. bra  3. panties 4. sleepwear 5. skirt 6. dress 7. shrit 8. belt

 

EXERCISE  3

1. sandals  2. running shoes 3. loafers 4. women’s dress shoes

5. men’s dress shoes 6. slippers

 

EXERCISE  4

1. a piece of meat 2. a glass of water 3. a slice of bread

4. a carton of apple juice 5. a bag of sugar 6. a cup of tea

7. a tin of tomato soup 8.a bottle of milk 9. a bowl of soup

10. a piece of cheese

 

EXERCISE  5

Jack: I’m going to the supermarket later. I think we need a bottle of tomato ketchup ,  don’t we?

Jane: Yes, we do. And I want two bags of sugar.

Linda needs a tin of tomato soup and a carton of orange juice.

Jack: Do Dad and Mom need anything?

Jane: Mom needs two loaves of bread and Dad needs a bottle of wine.

Jack: Do we have any rice at home?

Jane: Oh! No. Remember to buy two bags of rice.

 

EXERCISE  6

1.banana      There are five bananas on it.

2.rice         There are two bags of rice on it.

3.coffee       There is one jar of coffee on it.

4.sugar       There is one jar of sugar on it.

5.milk        There are three cartons of milk on it.

6.cookies      There are two bags of cookies on it.

7.honey       There are three jars of honey on it.

8.lemon       There are two baskets of lemons on it.

9.toast        There are five slices of bread on it.

10. cheese       There are three pieces of cheese on it.

 

EXERCISE  7

1 .How many sweets can you eat?

2.How much apple juice is there?

3.How many oranges should we buy?

4.How much milk did you drink?

5.How many potatoes did you buy?

6.How much butter do you need?

7.How many crisps are there?

8.How many grapes do they have?

9.How much peanut butter do you need?

10How many biscuits are there?

 

EXERCISE  8

1.We need chocolate, but we don’t need milk.

2.We need a cake, but we don’t need a sandwich.

3.We need potato chips , but we don’t need cookies.

4.We need popcorn, but we don’t need rice.

5.We need sugar , but we don’t need salt.

6.We need doughnuts, but we don’t need eggs.

7.We need ice cream, but we don’t need soda.

 

EXERCISE  9

Tony: How much milk do we need?

Linda: Three liters.

Tony: And eggs? How many eggs?

Linda: Two dozens.

Tony: And what about potatoes?

Linda: Two kilos will be enough.

Tony: And butter?

Linda: One package.

Tony: Do we need bread?

Linda: Yes, two loaves.

Tony: What else?

Linda: Three bottles of soda. 

 

EXERCISE  10

1.(piece, slice, glass) 

Would you give me two glasses of water?

2.(liter, slice, cup)   

We need thirty liters of gas for tomorrow.

3.(bottle, piece, slice)

My teacher gave me two pieces of advice.

4.(glass, cup, spoonful) 

Jack: Would you like any sugar in your coffee?

Linda: Yes, I usually take two spoonfuls of sugar in my coffee.

5.(spoonful, glass, slice) 

Mr. Wang needs two slices of cheese on his toast.

6.(on, glass, kilo)

We bought half a kilo of meat this morning.  

7(cup, spoonful, piece)

We have a difficult piece of math homework today.

8.(glass, piece, spoonful)

Mary carried three pieces of luggage with her to Taipe

 

EXERCISE  11

翻譯填充

1.     Most of the students are good.

2.     One of my daughters needs a dictionary.

3.     Any of the three dogs is black.

4.     Most of my classmates are teachers.

5.     I don’t know every one of them.

                                                                  

重組句子:請注意大小寫

1.     milk / is / much / the / of / fresh.

Much of the milk is fresh.

2.     is / fruit / some / the / cheap / of.

Some of the fruit is cheap.

3.     it / is / most / from / of / Taiwan ?

Is most of it from Taiwan?

4.     much / money / of / is / the / Mr. Lin’s.

Much of the money is Mr. Lin’s.

5.     finish / of / all / homework / do / you / the ?

Do you finish all of the homework?

 

EXERCISE  12

是非題

( ) 1. Every of the girls is Tom’s sister.

( ) 2. Each of the girls enjoys playing the piano.

( ) 3. Both of parents live in America.

( ) 4. Two of the five answers are correct. 

( ) 5. One of the three boys are wrong.

( ) 6. I like all of the them.

( ) 7. Both of the boys are in the room.

( ) 8. Many boys are in the room.

( ) 9. Some the boys enjoy playing basketball.

( ) 10. Do any of you like vegetables ?

 

EXERCISE  13

(A)翻譯填充

1. A house built of stone is stronger than one built of wood.

2. Jenny has no good friend.  She wants to have one.

3.I need an English dictionary.  Can I borrow one from her?

 

(B)翻譯填充

1.     These new cars are better than those old ones.

2.     Dad has three horses.  A white one and two black ones.

3.     He doesn’t like yellow shirts.  He wants some blue ones.

 

Exercise 14

圈選正確的字

1.     I’ve lost my umbrella.  I think I have to buy a new ( one, ones ).

2.     Are there any more books?  I’ve read all these old ( one, ones ).

3.     Is this your house?  It is a very pretty ( one, ones ).

4.     Have you ever seen a lion?  Yes, I’ve seen ( one, ones ) before.

5.     I like those pencils.  I’ll take a blue ( one, ones ).

6.     Give me another ( one, ones ), please.

7.     These are too small.  Show me larger ( one, ones ).

8.     Have you a watch?  Yes, I have ( one, ones ).

 

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