第四冊4單元補充資料

 

標題句:English interests me. The rules are so confusing.

    I am interested in the game.

結 構:情緒動詞及情緒形容詞(原形動詞、過去分詞、現在分詞)

  20080905175430250.jpg

Adjectives ending in

–ing and -ed

image003.jpg

Vocabulary

 

1.confusing   [http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/041.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/018.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/047.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/053.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/042.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/052.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/035.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/045.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/034.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/023.gif]     令人困惑的  

2.besides     [http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/038.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/034.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/053.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/044.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/002.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/034.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/040.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/045.gif]     此外

3.weather    [http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/053.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/051.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/022.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/029.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/019.gif]         天氣       

4.barely   [http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/053.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/038.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/022.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/050.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/049.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/034.gif]       幾乎不   

5.breathe  [http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/038.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/050.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/033.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/029.gif]         呼吸    

6.disappointed   [http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/054.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/040.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/034.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/044.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/018.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/053.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/037.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/016.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/034.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/047.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/039.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/034.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/040.gif]     沮喪的

 

Dialogue

Jacky, Nana, and Emily are talking about their hobbies.

Jacky: What do you like to do in your free time?

Nana: I love to watch soccer games because they are never boring.

Emily: Soccer games?  But the rules are so confusing and it takes a long time to get one shot.

Nana: Yeah, but everyone is crazy at the moment when a team gets a goal.

Jacky: So Emily, you are not a big fan of soccer, are you?

Emily: No, I’m not.  I love to surf the net when I’m free.  I can always read some surprising news.  Besides, there’re so many interesting people on the Internet.

Jacky: I never did that before.  Maybe I’m not brave enough to try new things.

Nana: If you don’t try them, you’ll never know there’s so much fun in the world.

Emily: Life is short, Jacky.  Find something fun.  Maybe you will be happier.

 

Reading Comprehension

(   ) 1. What does Emily like to do the most?             

(A) Watching baseball games. 

(B) Going shopping with friends.      

(C) Surfing the net.

(   ) 2. Why is Jacky always bored?                              

(A) He hates to do his homework.

(B) He is afraid to try new things.

(C) He doesn’t have any friends.

(   ) 3. According to what Nana said, why do people love soccer games?

(A) They are confused when they try to understand the rules.     

(B) They are scary when the players fight.

(C) They are crazy when the players make a shot.

             
補充句型一

+ be V+ 形容詞+ enough + to V

…(形容詞)足以完成某事

 

例:She is tall enough to be a model. (她高到可以當模特兒。)

 

Exercise (翻譯)

1. Mary漂亮到足以吸引眾人的目光。

__________________________________________

2. Leo老到可以當她爺爺了。

__________________________________________

 

補充句型二

If  S + V (現在式動詞) , S + V

  如果~~

         

image029.gif

if 如果;後面加上未來可能發生的某件事,表示條件,句中動詞用現在式代替未來式;但結果仍維持用未來式。

例:

If you don’t try it, you will never know there is so much fun in the world.

(如果你不嘗試,你將不會知道世界上有那麼多好玩的事。)

 

翻譯

如果你今晚有空,我將會去拜訪你。

__________________________________________


EXERCISE  1

文法小幫手

從前我們學過很多形容詞來形容人的情緒 (sad, happy, shy, crazy, nervous, proud, afraid)但本課要介紹的情緒動詞卻有著截然不同的用法他們以事物來當主詞而且也可以將動詞加上inged 結尾當形容詞使用。

 

請完成以下表格

情緒動詞

現在分詞(-ing)當形容詞

( 令人感到~ )

過去分詞(-ed)當形容詞

( 某人感到~ )

interest(使有趣)

 

 

excite (使興奮)

 

 

bore (使無聊)

 

 

tire (使疲累)

 

 

surprise(使驚訝)

 

 

confuse (使困惑)

 

 

satisfy (使滿意)

 

 

amuse (使有趣)

 

 

worry (使擔憂)

 

 

:

其它情緒V 包含trouble (使麻煩)disgust (使噁心)shock (使震驚)touch(使感動)impress(使印象深刻)scare (使害怕)

 

EXERCISE  2

文法小幫手

S (多以事物為主) + 情緒V + O(多以人為主)

事物令人有 ~ 情緒

 

例:

The class interests all the students. 

( 這堂課使所有學生感興趣。)

 

翻譯

1.這場棒球賽令所有人興奮。

__________________________________________

2.這個答案令所有人滿意。

__________________________________________

3. 這個演說使學生無聊。

__________________________________________

4. 這個練習使他疲憊。

__________________________________________

5. 這個消息使媽媽擔憂。

__________________________________________


EXERCISE  3

文法小幫手

當情緒動詞現在分詞(-ing)當作形容詞時,中文翻為「令人的」,多半用來形容事物的特質,但有時也會用來形容人的個性。

 

在下列各形容詞出現的句子中,以括號將形容的對象標示出來。

例:

   boring: The soccer gamesare never boring. 

            

1.     confusing:  The rules of soccer games are so confusing.     

(足球比賽的規則很困擾人。)

2.     surprising:  I can always read some surprising news.        

(我總是可以讀到一些令人吃驚的消息。)

3.     interesting:  There are so many interesting people on the Internet.

(網路上有許多有趣的人。)


EXERCISE  4     

圈出適當的形容詞

1.     I like to go fishing because it is never (interesting, boring).

 

2.     Washing cars is really a (tiring , surprising) job. I am exhausted.

 

3.     Math is a (confusing, satisfying) subject to me. I can’t understand what it is about.

 

4.     Lots of people don’t like stinky tofu because it has a/ an (disgusting, exciting) smell.

 

5.     The reporter asked an (interesting, embarrassing) question and the teacher doesn’t know how to answer it.


EXERCISE  5

文法小幫手

S(多為事物) + be V +情緒現在分詞(-ing) + to 人(受格)

對某人而言,事物(或人)具有什麼特性

例:

1. The books are interesting to me.

 (這本書對我而言是有趣的。)

2. The movie is boring to her.

(這部電影對她而言是無聊的。)

3. Doing the same work is tiring to Peter.

(做同樣的事對Peter而言是疲倦的。)

 

整句式翻譯

1.     對他們而言,這將會是ㄧ場刺激的球賽。

__________________________________________

2.     Ken 對他的同學而言是ㄧ位有趣的人。

__________________________________________

3.     這部電影聽起來很無聊。

__________________________________________

4.     腳踏車對他而言將會是份驚奇的禮物。

__________________________________________

5.     寫作業是件煩人的事。

__________________________________________

6.     那個奇怪的聲音對Mary而言很恐怖。

__________________________________________


Reading

 

A New Experience

image033.jpg

Nana is a big soccer fan.  She is really interested in soccer games. When she knew that David Beckham was coming to Taiwan, she was so excited.  She decided to go to the airport that day to see her favorite soccer player.  However, she was worried about the trip because she had never been to any place alone.

It took her 2 hours to get to the airport.  When she arrived, she was surprised that there were so many people there.  It was crowded and she could barely breathe.  Suddenly, she heard surprising news.  It said the flight wouldn’t arrive until midnight due to the poor weather.  She was disappointed, tired and bored.  She didn’t think she could wait any longer, so she left.  What a bad experience!

 

Reading Comprehension

(   ) 1.How did Nana feel about the trip at the end?

(A) She was surprised.   

(B) She was excited.

(C) She was disappointed.

(   ) 2.Why couldn’t the flight arrive on time?

(A) The weather was too bad.           

(B) The soccer player was too popular.

(C) The airport was crowded.


EXERCISE  6

文法小幫手

當過去分詞(-ed)當情緒形容詞時,中文翻為「感到…的」,通常跟在人的後面,形容人感覺到的情緒。

 

例:

    1. After talking to Andy’s teacher, his mom was really surprised.

       (Andy的老師聊過之後,他的媽媽真的很驚訝。)

    2. They were worried because their dog was sick.

      (他們之所以擔心,是因為他們的狗生病了。)

 

請問文章中用了哪些字來形容Nana的情緒?

_________________________________________________

 

EXERCISE  7     

圈出適當的情緒形容詞

 

例: I get (tired, surprised) after I wash my dad’s car. 

 

1. I become (confused, excited) when I see Wang Chen-Ming play baseball.

2. I am really (surprised, amused) when I can’t find my purse.

3. Sarah feels (bored, satisfied) when she gets a good grade on English.

4. My mom feels (interested, surprised) when she hears the bad news.

5. I feel (tired, embarrassed) when I dialed the wrong number.

 

 

EXERCISE  8

文法小幫手

S (多為人) + be V + 情緒過去分詞 + 介係詞 + N/ Ving

( 人因某事而有什麼情緒/感受 )

image029.gif

情緒動詞過去分詞後面可接引起情緒的原因,通常以(1) that +子句(2)介系詞+名詞或V-ing 兩種句型呈現。但是各種情緒形容詞後面接的介係詞可能有不同,需多加留意。

be amused by 對…感到有趣的
be bored with
對…感到無聊的
be confused with
對…感到困惑的
be embarrassed about
對…感到羞赧的
be excited about
對…感到興奮的
be interested in
對…感到有趣的
be satisfied with
對…感到滿意的
be scared of
對…感到害怕的
be shocked by
對…感到震驚的
be surprised at
對…感到驚訝的
be tired of
對…感到厭倦的
be touched by
對…感到感動的
be troubled with
對…感到麻煩的
be worried about 
對…感到憂慮的

 

例:1. I am interested in playing baseball games.

(我對打籃球賽有興趣。)

2. I am interested that I can play baseball with my friends.

(我對我可以跟我朋友打籃球有興趣。)

 

請依例句完成句子

: They are excited about going to Taipei. ( excited ) 

 

1.     We are ______________ their reaction. ( confused )

2.     I am ______________ the mistake. ( embarrassed )

3.     Jack was ______________ his cat. ( worried )           

4.     She is ______________ her job. ( bored )                      

5.     They are ______________ the result. ( satisfied ) 

6.     The engineer is ______________ the problem. ( troubled )

7.     Mary was ______________ doing all the housework. ( tired )      

8.     They are ______________ horror movies. ( scared ) 

9.     Helen is ______________ the present. ( surprised )       

10.     We are ______________ her words.     ( amused )      

 

EXERCISE  9

將情緒動詞改為形容詞並搭配適當的介系詞

 

例:Lisa is interested in (interest) drawing.

 

1.     She ______________ ( tire ) cooking every day.

2.     People in Taiwan ______________ ( shock ) the 921 earthquake.

3.     We ______________ ( worry ) the exam tomorrow.

4.     They ______________ ( excite ) the Christmas party.

5.     I ______________ ( satisfy ) my grade on English.

6.     Students ______________ ( excite ) the summer vacation.

7.     Judy ______________ ( bore ) her homework.

8.     Ken and Peter ______________ ( confuse ) what their teacher just said.

9.     I ______________ ( touch) the sad movie.

10.    Tina ______________ ( tire) her job.

 


EXERCISE  10

文法小幫手: 分辨兩種情緒形容詞的使用時機

現在分詞(-ing)的情緒形容詞大部分是用來形容人或事物的特性;而過去分詞(-ed)的情緒形容詞是用來人的感受。

例:Ms. Liu is an (interesting, interested) teacher. We all love her.

 

請圈選適當的形容詞

 

1.     Math is a (boring, bored) subject.

2.     I am (exciting, excited) about the soccer game.

3.     They are (surprising, surprised) at what he said.

4.     Comic books are always (interesting, interested) to children.

5.     Studying all day is really (tiring, tired).

6.     Lulu is (worrying, worried) about her mother.

7.     I feel (embarrassed, embarrassing) when I say something wrong.

8.     Tina is (bored, boring) with the TV program.

9.     They were (excited, exciting) about the (excited, exciting) game last night.

10.    It is (surprised, surprising) news to everyone.

image042.jpg
EXERCISE  11 

請分別用兩種情緒形容詞改寫句子

例:

    Watching baseball games interests me.

(interesting)  Watching baseball games is interesting to me.              

(interested)  I am interested in watching baseball games.              

 

1.     The trip to Taipei excites all the students.

(exciting)  ________________________________________

(excited)   ________________________________________

2.     Playing computer games for four hours tired Peter.

(tiring)  __________________________________________ 

(tired)   __________________________________________           

3.     Getting a letter from George surprised Mary.

(surprising)  _______________________________________

(surprised)  ________________________________________

4.     The class bores Jimmy.

(boring)  __________________________________________

(bored)   __________________________________________

5.     The movie amused those kids.

(amusing)  _________________________________________ 

(amused)   _________________________________________

 

 

解答篇

Book 4 Unit 4

Adjectives ending in –ing and -ed

Reading Comprehension

( C ) 1. What does Emily like to do the most?            

(A) Watching baseball games. 

(B) Going shopping with friends.      

(C) Surfing the net.

( B ) 2. Why is Jacky always bored?                         

(A) He hates to do his homework.

(B) He is afraid to try new things.

(C) He doesn’t have any friends.

( C ) 3. According to what Nana said, why do people love soccer games?

(A) They are confusing when they try to understand the rules.   

(B) They are scary when the players fight.

(C) They make everyone crazy when the players make a shot.

 

補充句型一Exercise (翻譯)

1. Mary漂亮到足以吸引眾人的目光。

Mary is beautiful enough to catch everyone’s eye.

2. Leo老到可以當她爺爺了。

  Leo is old enough to be his grandfather.

 

補充句型二翻譯

如果你今晚有空,我將會去拜訪你。

If you are free tonight, I will come and visit you.

 

EXERCISE  1 

請完成以下表格

情緒動詞

現在分詞(-ing)當形容詞

( 令人感到~ )

過去分詞(-ed)當形容詞

( 某人感到~ )

interest(使有趣)

interesting

interested

excite (使興奮)

exciting

excited

bore (使無聊)

boring

bored

tire (使疲累)

tiring

tired

surprise(使驚訝)

surprising

surprised

confuse (使困惑)

confusing

confused

satisfy (使滿意)

satisfying

satisfied

amuse (使有趣)

amusing

amused

worry (使擔憂)

worrying

worried

 

EXERCISE  2

翻譯

1.這場棒球賽令所有人興奮。

The baseball game excites all the people.               

2.這個答案令所有人滿意。

  The answer satisfies all the people.                            

3. 這個演說使學生無聊。

  The speech bores the students.                               

4. 這個練習使他疲憊。

  The practice tires him.                                      

5. 這個消息使媽媽擔憂。

  The news worries Mother. 

 

EXERCISE  3

以括號將形容的對象標示出來。

1.     confusing: The rules of soccer gamesare so confusing.       

2.     surprising:  I can always read some surprisingnews.        

3.     interesting:  There are so many interesting people on the Internet.

 

EXERCISE  4 

圈出適當的形容詞

[/middle]1. I like to go fishing because it is never (interesting, boring).

2. Washing cars is really a (tiring , surprising) job. I am exhausted.

3. Math is a (20080905180615203.jpg, satisfying) subject to me. I can’t understand what it is about.

4. Lots of people don’t like stinky tofu because it has a/ an (20080905180626500.jpg, exciting) smell.

5. The reporter asked an (interesting,20080905180635390.jpg) question and the teacher doesn’t know how to answer it.

 

EXERCISE  15 

整句式翻譯

1.     對他們而言,這將會是ㄧ場刺激的球賽。

It will be an exciting game to them.                         

2.     Ken 對他的同學而言是ㄧ位有趣的人。

Ken is an interesting person to his classmates.                 

3.     這部電影聽起來很無聊。 The movie sounds boring.                                 

4.     腳踏車對他而言將會是份驚奇的禮物。

The bicycle will be a surprising present to him.                

5.     寫作業是件煩人的事。

Doing homework is a tiring job.                            

6.     那個奇怪的聲音對Mary而言很恐怖。

The strange sound is scary to Mary.                          

 

Reading Comprehension

( C ) 1.How did Nana feel about the trip at the end?
(A) She was surprised.
(B) She was excited. 
(C) She was disappointed.

( A ) 2.Why couldn’t the flight arrive on time?
(A) The weather was too bad.        
(B) The soccer player was too popular.
(C) The airport was crowded.

 

EXERCISE  6

請問文章中用了哪些字來形容Nana的情緒?

interested, excited, worried, surprised, disappointed, tired, bored

 

EXERCISE  7

填入適當的情緒形容詞

1. I become (confused, excited) when I see Wang Chen-Ming play baseball.

2. I am really (surprised, amused) when I can’t find my purse.

3. Sarah feels (bored, satisfied) when she gets a good grade on English.

4. My mom feels (interested, surprised) when she hears the bad news.

5. I feel (tired, embarrassed) when I dialed the wrong number.

 

EXERCISE  8

請依例句完成句子

1.     We are confused about their reaction. ( confused )

2. I am embarrassed about the mistake. ( embarrassed )

3. Jack was worried about his cat. ( worried )          

4.     She is bored with her job. ( bored )                    

5.     They are satisfied with the result. ( satisfied ) 

6.     The engineer is troubled with the problem. ( troubled )

7.     Mary was tired of doing all the housework. ( tired )         

8.     They are sacred of horror movies. ( scared )  

9.     Helen is surprised at the present. ( surprised )   

10.     We are amused by her words.  ( amused )      


EXERCISE  9

將情緒動詞改為形容詞並搭配適當的介系詞

1.     She is tired of ( tire ) cooking every day.

2.     People in Taiwan were shocked by ( shock ) the 921 earthquake.

3.     We are worried about ( worry ) the exam tomorrow.

4.     They are excited about ( excite ) the Christmas party.

5.     I am satisfied with ( satisfy ) my grade on English.

6.     Students are excited about ( excite ) the summer vacation.

7.     Judy is bored with ( bore ) her homework.

8.     Ken and Peter were confused about ( confuse ) what their teacher just said.

9.     I am touched by ( touch) the sad movie.

10.    Tina is tired of ( tire) her job.

 

EXERCISE  10

請圈選適當的形容詞

1.Math is a (boring, bored) subject.

[middle] 2.I am (exciting,) about the soccer game.

3.They are (surprising,20080905181157171.jpg) at what he said. [middle]

4.Comic books are always (20080905181201109.jpg, interested) to children.

5.Studying all day is really (20080905181205953.jpg, tired).

6.Lulu is (worrying,20080905181210546.jpg) about her mother.

7.I feel (20080905181217562.jpg, embarrassing) when I say something wrong.

8.Tina is (20080905181222500.jpg, boring) with the TV program.

9.They were (20080905181229015.jpg, exciting) about the (excited,20080905181233406.jpg) game last night.

10.It is (surprised,20080905181239828.jpg) news to everyone.


請分別用兩種情緒形容詞改寫句子

1.     The trip to Taipei excites all the students.

(exciting)  The trip to Taipei is exciting to all the students.         

(excited)  All the students are excited about the trip to Taipei.       

2.     Playing computer games for four hours tired Peter.

(tiring)  Playing computer games for four hours was tiring to Peter.              

(tired)   Peter was tied of playing computer games for four hours.               

3.     Getting a letter from George surprised Mary.

(surprising)  Getting a letter from George was surprising to Mary.      

(surprised)  Mary was surprised at getting a letter from George.      

4.     The class bores Jimmy.

(boring)  The class is boring to Jimmy.                          

(bored)   Jimmy is bored with the class.                          

5.     The movie amused those kids.

(amusing)  The movie was amusing to those kids.                 

(amused)   Those kids were amused by the movie. 

 

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