第四冊7單元 補充資料

 

標題句:I forgot to take my camera with me.

    I forgot eating the apples. In fact, I ate them.  

結 構:特殊動詞用法stop, remember, forget, spend, cost         

 

 

 


Special Verbs

stop remember forget spend take cost

image004.jpg

Vocabulary

 

1.     Hokkaido   [048036053041002034040036]     北海道

2.     hot air balloon [053048007039 022050 038018053 049035047]   熱氣球

3.     scared   [044041022050040]     害怕的

4.     climb   [041049002034046]    

5.     impatient   [034046053037021025018047039]      沒有耐心的

6.     call out     大聲喊叫

7.     take off     起飛

8.     breathtaking   [053038050022028054039021041034023]     驚人的

9.     view   [043052035]     視野

10.     camera   [053041001046018050018]     照相機

11.     stupid   [053044039052035037034040]     愚蠢的

12.     however   [048002015053022043019]    然而

13.     wait in line     排隊等候

14.     unforgettable   [054020047042019053055022039018038057]     難忘的

        


A Hot Air Balloon

20080905193219437.jpg

I took a trip to Hokkaido with my cousin, Amy, this summer.  We had the chance to go up the sky in a hot air balloon.  I did not have time to feel scared.  We just climbed into the basket, being impatient for the balloon to take off.  Frankly speaking, at the moment when the balloon left the ground, I wanted to call out – “I did it!”

     As soon as we were in the air, Amy started taking photos.  But she soon stopped to look at the breathtaking view.  I also wanted to take pictures, but I forgot to take my camera with me.  How stupid I was!

I remember that we got up very early that day.  We spent over one hour waiting in line.  However, it took us only ten minutes to finish the unforgettable trip.  And it cost each of us 2,000 Japanese yen.  But we thought it was a day we would never forget.

 

Reading Comprehension 

依據文章內容回答下列問題

(   ) 1. How did the writer feel when she went up the sky?

       (A) She felt scared.

       (B) She felt sad.

       (C) She felt dizzy.

       (D) She felt excited.

(   ) 2. What did Amy do when she was in the air?

       (A) She took pictures all the time.

       (B) She looked at the beautiful view.

       (C) She talked to the writer all the time.

       (D) She sang songs.

(   ) 3. Why did the writer say “How stupid I was!”?

       (A) She forgot to carry water.

       (B) She missed the trip of the Hot Air Balloon.

       (C) She forgot to carry a camera.

       (D) She brought no money with her.

(  ) 4. Which statement is NOT true?

       (A) They got up late that day.

       (B) They took ten minutes to finish the trip.

       (C) It cost each of them 2,000 Japanese yen.

       (D) They spent one hour waiting in line.


補充句型一

S+ have the chance to 原形動詞

 有機會……

 

例:Nancy has the chance to join the seminar.

(Nancy有機會參與這個研討會。)

 

Exercise (翻譯填充)

Linda _______ _______ _______ _______ take a trip to Japan.

(Linda 有機會到日本旅行。)

 

補充句型二

Frankly speaking, S+V...

 坦白地說……

 

例:Frankly speaking, it is my pleasure to help you.

 (坦白地說,能幫你是我的榮幸。)

 

Exercise (翻譯填充)

 

 ___________ ____________, you get unlimited potential.

 (坦白地說,你是有無限潛力的。)                                 

 

EXERCISE 1

文法小幫手: stop的用法

 

()

S + stop + O ( V-ing)

停止原來動作

 

  : We stopped looking at the view.

(= We did not look any more.)

( 我們停止看景色。)

 

()

S + stop + O (to +原形動詞)

停止原來動作,去做另一動作

                               

  : She stopped to look at the view.

(= She stopped in order to look.)

( 她停下來去看景色。)

 

翻譯填充

1. He stopped ____________.

(他戒煙了。)

 

2. While I was walking down the hall, I dropped my pen. I stopped to pick it up.

(= I stopped ____________ to pick it up.)

  (當我走下大廳時,我掉了筆,所以我停下來把它撿起來。)

 

3. He felt tired, so he stopped ______ ______.

  (他覺得很累,所以停下休息。)


EXERCISE  2

文法小幫手: remember的用法

()

S + remember + O ( to + V )  記得 ……

 

20080902104638640.jpg表示記得未來還沒做的動作 (常用於叮嚀或提醒)

 

 : Please remember to post the letter.

(請記得寄這封信。)

 

 ()

S + remember + O (V-ing)  記得……

 

20080902104638640.jpg表示記得過去已做的動作

 

: I remember seeing him. = I remember that I saw him.

(我記得見過他。)

 

翻譯填充

 

1. I do not remember____________ him.

= I do not remember that I invited him.

(我不記得有邀請他。)

 

2. Remember ______ ______ off the light before going out.

(出門前記得要關燈。)


EXERCISE  3

文法小幫手: forget的用法

S + forget + O ( to + V)

忘記……

20080902104638640.jpg表示忘記該做的動作

 

1:

    Do not forget to sign your name. (別忘了簽名。)  

2:

    He forgot to do his homework. (他忘了做功課)

 

S + forget + O ( V-ing )

忘記……

20080902104638640.jpg表示忘記過去已做的動作

 

:

    Mother forgets washing clothes.

 (媽媽忘了已洗好衣服了。)

 

合併句子

 

1. Do your homework.  Don’t forget to do it.

  ____________________________________________

 

2. Mother took medicine.   She forgets it.

  ____________________________________________


EXERCISE  4

文法小幫手: spend, take, cost (花費)的用法

Ø  spend 指花時間或金錢,以人為主詞,也可用it當虛主詞放句首。

Ø  take指花時間,以事、物或人為主詞,也可用it當虛主詞放在句首。

Ø  cost指花金錢,以物為主詞,也可用it當虛主詞放在句首。

 

()

S() + spend + 錢或時間+ V-ing / on ()

 

……人花費……時間或金錢做……

:

1. She spent three hours watching TV.

 (她花了三個鐘頭看電視。)

2.     He spent a lot of money on comic books.

 (他花很多錢在漫畫書上。)

 

 

翻譯填充

1. 有些人喜歡花錢買衣服或車子。

Some people like to spend money __________ clothes or cars.

(=Some people like to spend money ______ clothes or cars.)

 

2. 我們花了一個星期佈置教室。

We spent one week __________ the classroom.

 

3.     媽媽每天花一個小時煮晚餐。

Mother spends one hour __________ dinner every day.

 

()

S(事物)+take+()+時間+to V

人花時間做

 

 

 

 

 

=

It takes +() +時間 + to V

 

 

:

   1. It took me an hour to walk there.

   (我花了一個小時才走到那裡。)

 

   2. The homework took me a whole day.

   (家庭作業花了我一整天的時間。)

 

 

依圖及提示造句

1. take / walk to school         

__________________________

(我花了十分鐘走路上學。)

image044

image046

2. take / me / the whole morning

_________________________

 (這生日卡片花了我一整個上午。)

 

image048

 

()

S() + cost +() +

物價值

 

 

 

 

 

It + cost + () + + to V

人花了錢做

 

 

:

1.       The gold watch costs fifty thousand dollars.

(這金錶價值五萬元。)

 

2.       The bicycle cost me two thousand dollars.

(這腳踏車花了我二千元。)

 

3.  It cost my parents four million and six hundred thousand dollars to buy the apartment.

(爸媽花了四百六十萬買這間公寓。)

 

 

依圖及提示造句

image050

1. cost / me / three hundred dollars / buy the T-shirt

_______________________________________

(我花了三百元買這件T-shirt)

image052

2. building / a lot

_______________________________________

(這棟建築物價值不斐。)

image054

3. The beef noodles / one hundred dollars

_______________________________________    (這碗牛肉麵花了我一百元。)

 

EXERCISE  5

請將括號中的動詞做適當的變化

:Grandma forgot to take ( take ) her medicine, so she did it again.

 

1.       We have worked for two hours. Let’s stop ________ ( take ) a break.

2.       Remember ________ ( take ) a bath before going to bed.

3.       I remembered ________ ( lock ) the door before I left.

4.       Do not forget ________ ( bring ) the cases later.

5.       I will never forget ________ ( see ) her dance for the first time.

6.       Stop ________ ( make ) noise. The baby is sleeping.

7.       Remember ________ ( mail ) the letter on your way home.

8.       Do not forget ________ ( hand ) in your homework next Monday.

9.       They stopped ________ ( talk ) with me when I arrived.

10.  I will remember ________ ( give ) Mr. Smith your message tomorrow.

11.  I remember ________ ( see ) you before.

12.  She forget ________ ( type ) the letter. She is doing it now.

13.  Our teacher asked us to stop ________ ( play ), and began to study harder.

14.  On my way to school, I stopped ________ ( have ) a quick breakfast.


EXERCISE  6

圈選合適的動詞

例:The house (costs, spends, takes ) a lot of money.

 

1.       It ( cost, spent, took ) him much money to take a trip.

2.       I ( cost, spent, took ) thirty dollars buying a pen.

3.       I ( cost, spent, took ) one thousand dollars buying the bike.

4.       Movie stars are willing to ( cost, spend, take ) a lot of money on jewelry.

5.       It ( cost, spent, took ) my brother more than one million dollars to buy the sports cars.

6.       Writing this novel ( cost, spent, took ) her one and half a year.

7.       She usually ( costs, spends, takes ) seventy minutes practicing yoga every day.

8.       Finding a parking space in the city usually ( costs, spends, takes ) a lot of time.

9.       He ( cost, spent, took ) only three years finishing his college degree.

10.  My dog hates to take a bath. It usually ( costs, spends, takes ) me one hour to clean him.

11.  Jim: How much does the car ( cost, spend, take )?

Frank: About 600,000 dollars.

12.  How long would it ( cost, spend, take ) to run the machine?

 

 

解答篇

Book 4 Unit 7

Special   Verbs

stop remember forget spend take cost

 

Reading Comprehension 

依據文章內容回答下列問題

 

( D ) 1. How did the writer feel when she went up the sky?

       (A) She felt scared.

       (B) She felt sad.

       (C) She felt dizzy.

       (D) She felt excited.

( B ) 2. What did Amy do when she was in the air?

       (A) She took pictures all the time.

       (B) She looked at the beautiful view.

       (C) She talked to the writer all the time.

       (D) She sang songs.

( C ) 3. Why did the writer say “How stupid I was!”?

       (A) She forgot to carry water.

       (B) She missed the trip of the Hot Air Balloon.

       (C) She forgot to carry a camera.

       (D) She brought no money with her.

( A ) 4. Which statement is NOT true?

       (A) They got up late that day.

       (B) They took ten minutes to finish the trip.

       (C) It cost each of them 2,000 Japanese yen.

       (D) They spent one hour waiting in line.


Exercise (翻譯填充)

Linda has the chance to take a trip to Japan.

Exercise (翻譯填充)

Frankly speaking, you get unlimited potential.

 

翻譯填充

1. He stopped smoking.

2. While I was walking down the hall, I dropped my pen. I stopped to pick it up.

(= I stopped walking to pick it up.)

3. He felt tired, so he stopped to rest.

 

翻譯填充

1. I do not remember inviting him.

= I do not remember that I invited him.

2. Remember to turn off the light before going out.

 

合併句子

1. Do your homework.  Don’t forget to do it.

Don’t forget to do your homework.

2. Mother took medicine.   She forgets it.

Mother forgets taking medicine.

 

翻譯填充

1. Some people like to spend money (in) buying clothes or cars.

(=Some people like to spend money on clothes or cars.)

2. We spent one week decorating the classroom.

3. Mother spends one hour cooking dinner every day.

 

依圖及提示造句

1.     take / walk to school         

  It took me ten minutes to walk to school.

2. take / me / the whole morning

  The birthday card took me the whole morning.

 

依圖及提示造句

1. cost / me / three hundred dollars / buy the T-shirt

It cost me three hundred dollars to buy the T-shirt.

2. building / a lot

The building costs a lot.

3. The beef noodles / one hundred dollars

The beef noodles costs one hundred dollars.

 

請將括號中的動詞做適當的變化

:Grandma forgot to take ( take ) her medicine, so she did it again.

 

1.     We have worked for two hours. Let’s stop to take ( take ) a break.

2  Remember to take ( take ) a bath before going to bed.

3. I remembered locking ( lock ) the door before I left.

4. Do not forget to bring ( bring ) the cases later.

5.     I will never forget seeing ( see ) her dance for the first time.

6.     Stop making ( make ) noise. The baby is sleeping.

7.     Remember to mail ( mail ) the letter on your way home.

8.     Do not forget to hand ( hand ) in your homework next Monday.

9.     They stopped to talk ( talk ) with me when I arrived.

10.    I will remember to give ( give ) Mr. Smith your message tomorrow.

11.    I remember seeing ( see ) you before.

12.    She forget to type ( type ) the letter. She is doing it now.

13.    Our teacher asked us to stop playing ( play ), and began to study harder.

14.    On my way to school, I stopped to have ( have ) a quick breakfast.

 

圈選合適的動詞

例:The house ( costs, spends, takes ) a lot of money.

 

1. It ( cost, spent, took ) him much money to take a trip.

2.     I ( cost, spent, took ) thirty dollars buying a pen.

3.     I ( cost, spent, took ) one thousand dollars buying the bike.

4.     Movie stars are willing to ( cost, spend, take ) a lot of money on jewelry.

5.     It ( cost, spent, took ) my brother more than one million dollars to buy the sports cars.

6.     Writing this novel ( cost, spent, took) her one and half a year.

7.     She usually ( costs, spends, takes ) seventy minutes practicing yoga every day.

8.     Finding a parking space in the city usually ( costs, spends, takes) a lot of time.

9.     He ( cost, spent, took ) only three years finishing his college degree.

10.    My dog hates to take a bath. It usually ( costs, spends, takes) me one hour to clean him.

11.    Jim: How much does the car ( cost, spend, take )?

Frank: About 600,000 dollars.

12. How long would it ( cost, spend, take) to run the machine?

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