第四冊8單元 補充資料

 

標題句:I think that the film is good enough to win an Oscar.

    The water is too hot for me to drink.

    Susan is so interesting that everyone likes her.

結 構:too…to..so…that…,名詞子句用法

 


       

                      

Too…to… , so…that… Noun Clauses

image003.jpg

Vocabulary

1. return   [http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/050.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/034.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/053.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/039.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/017.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/047.gif]     歸回

2. dino="dinosaur   [http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/053.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/040.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/002.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/034.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/047.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/018.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/054.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/044.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/016.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/050.gif]     恐龍

3. film   [http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/042.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/034.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/049.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/046.gif]     電影

4. special effect   名片  特效

5. absolutely   [http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/053.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/001.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/038.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/044.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/018.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/054.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/049.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/035.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/039.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/049.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/034.gif]     絕對的

6. admit   [http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/018.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/040.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/053.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/046.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/034.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/039.gif]     承認

7. a bit   形片  一點

8. attack   [http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/018.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/053.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/039.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/001.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/041.gif]     攻擊

9. Oscar   [http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/053.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/016.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/044.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/041.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/019.gif]     奧斯卡

10. actually   [http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/053.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/001.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/041.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/039.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/025.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/015.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/018.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/049.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/034.gif]      事實上

11. million   [http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/053.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/046.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/034.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/049.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/052.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/018.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/047.gif]     百萬

12. climate   [http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/053.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/041.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/049.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/002.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/034.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/046.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/034.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/039.gif]     氣候

13. meteorite   [http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/053.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/046.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/033.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/039.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/034.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/018.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/050.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/054.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/002.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/034.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/039.gif]    隕石

14. crash   [http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/053.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/046.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/033.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/039.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/034.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/018.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/050.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/054.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/002.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/034.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/039.gif]    墜落

15. completely   [http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/041.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/018.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/046.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/053.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/037.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/049.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/033.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/039.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/049.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/034.gif]    完全地

16. worth   [http://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/051.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/017.gifhttp://tw.yimg.com/i/tw/dictionary/pic/028.gif]    值得的

 

Return of the Dinos

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Yesterday I saw the film “Return of the Dinos.”  The special effects were absolutely great.  I must admit that I felt a bit scared when the dinosaurs started attacking people.  I think the film is good enough to win an Oscar.

The dinosaurs died out millions of years ago.  Some people say that the climate got too cold for them to live in.  Others think that a meteorite crashed into the Earth and made a huge cloud of dust.  And the dust completely blocked out the sun. Then the Earth got so dark that plants couldn’t grow.

Have you ever seen the film?  It’s really worth seeing it.  Find some free time to enjoy the movie with your friends.  You’ll like it!

 

Reading Comprehension

配合題

 

_____ 1. The writer felt scared____.

 

 

a.     meteorite

b.     got too hot for dinosaurs to live in

c.      thousands of years ago

d.     when the dinosaurs started attacking people

e.      falling star

f.       the sunshine

g.     got too cold for dinosaurs to live in

h.     millions of years ago

i.       the dust

j.       meteor shower (流星雨)

k.     darkness

_____ 2. The dinosaurs died______.

 

 

_____ 3. People say that the climate ________.

 

 

_____ 4. Some people thought _____crashed into the Earth and made a huge cloud of dust.

 

 

_____ 5. Plants couldn’t grow because of _______.

 

 

_____ 6. The sun was completely blocked by  ________.

 

 

補充句型一

some …  , and others…

一些其餘

 

:

There are many foreign students in the school.  Some are from the U.S. and others are from Germany.

(在這所學校有許多外國學生,一些來自美國其餘來自德國。)

 

Exercise (依圖及提示造句)

image036

I / buy / apple / some / big / others / small

_________________________________

(我買了很多蘋果,一些是大的,其餘是小的。)

 

補充句型二

Have + S + ever + p.p …?

曾經 … ?

 

: Have you ever been to England?

    (你曾經去過英國嗎? )

 

Exercise (依圖及提示造句)

image038

you / have / ever / heard / kind / music ?

_______________________________

(你曾經聽過這類音樂嗎? )

 

EXERCISE  1

文法小幫手: so…that 的用法   

()

S+ V + so + adj. (adv.) + that + 肯定子句

 

如此以致於

: He worked so lazily that he lost his job.

(他工作如此懶散地,以致於丟了工作。)

 

()

S+ V + so + adj. (adv.) + that + 否定子句

 

如此以致於不能

: She speaks so fast that I can’t follow her.

(她說得如此快,以致於我不能了解她。)

 

翻譯填充

1. She is ____ rich ____ she can buy whatever she wants.

   (她如此有錢,以致於她可以買任何她想要的。)

 

2. He studied ____ hard ____ he did well on his English test.

(他如此用功,以致於他英文考的很好。)


EXERCISE  2

so…that合併句子

例:This tea is good.  I think I’ll have another cup.

 This tea is so good that I think I’ll have another cup.

 

1.     The car was expensive.  We couldn’t afford to buy it.

 → _________________________________________________________

 

2.     The weather was hot.  You could fry an egg on the sidewalk.

→ __________________________________________________________

 

3.     Ivan takes everything in life too seriously.  He is unable to experience the small joys and pleasures of daily living.

→ __________________________________________________________

 

4.     I was very busy.  I couldn’t mail the letter.

→ __________________________________________________________

 

5.     Tommy ate very fast.  He got a stomachache.

→ __________________________________________________________


EXERCISE  3

文法小幫手: too…to 的用法

S+ V + too + adj. (adv.)+ for(對象)+to +V

太…以致於不能…

=S+ V + so + adj. (adv.) + that + S + can’t +V

 

例:The man is too weak to walk fast.

= The man is so weak that he can’t walk fast.

(那個人太虛弱了,而不能走太快。)

 

合併句子

1. The coffee is very hot.  We can’t drink it.

________________________________________________

=_______________________________________________

 

2. Kevin is very young.  He can’t go to school.

________________________________________________

=_______________________________________________

 

3. Lindy is very short.  She can’t play basketball.

________________________________________________

=_______________________________________________


EXERCISE  4

文法小幫手: so…that 的補充用法   

S+ V + so that + 子句

可以  (表目的)

 

:

1. I turned off the TV so that my roommate could study in peace and quiet. (我關了電視,這樣我的室友可以在安靜中唸書。)

2. I brought an umbrella so that I didn’t get wet.

(我帶了傘,以致於我沒淋濕。)

 

so (that) 合併句子

 

例:Please turn down the radio.  I want to be able to get some sleep.

  Please turn down the radio so ( that ) I can get some sleep.

 

1.     Put the milk in the refrigerator.  We want to make sure it won’t ( OR doesn’t ) spoil.

____________________________________________________________

 

2.     Please be quiet.  I want to be able to hear what Sharon is saying.

____________________________________________________________

 

3. I asked the children to be quiet.  I wanted to be able to hear what Sharon was saying.

____________________________________________________________

 

4. I’m going to cash a check.  I want to make sure that I have enough money to go to the market.

____________________________________________________________


EXERCISE  5

文法小幫手:名詞子句-- that + S + V 的用法

Ø  名詞子句(that + S + V) 當一件事看,以單數看待。可當句子的主詞、受詞、補語或同位語。

Ø  that所引導的名詞子句為受詞時,that可省略,其餘that不可省略。

 

()

S(名詞子句)+ V+ SC

當主詞

: That the earth is round is true.

(地球是圓的是真實的。)

 

()

S+ V + O (名詞子句)

當受詞

: Do you know that he has a girlfriend?

(你知道他有女朋友嗎? )

 

()

S + V + SC(名詞子句)

當補語

: My opinion is that you should not go alone.

(我的意見是你不應該單獨前往。)

       

() 當同位語

: The fact that the earth is round is true. 

(地球是圓的是真實的。)

 

that合併句子

1.     Tom will come back home for New Year.  I don’t know it. ( that子句當受詞)

________________________________________________

 

2.     Harry stole money.  I couldn’t believe it. ( that子句當受詞)

________________________________________________

 

3.     The most difficult thing is that.  That is that I can’t really make up my mind. ( that子句當補語 )

________________________________________________

 

4.     The report must be false.  It is that he is dead. ( that子句當同位語)

________________________________________________

 

5.     He will pay the bill.  It is possible. (that子句當主詞)

_________________________________________________

 

EXERCISE  6

文法小幫手: 名詞子句(間接問句) 疑問字 + S + V  的用法

Ø  名詞子句(疑問字+ S + V) 當一件事看,以單數看待。可當句子的主詞、受詞、補語或同位語。

Ø  引導名詞子句的連接詞:

從屬連接詞: whether , if

疑問代名詞: what , which , who / whom / whose

疑問副詞: when , where , why , how

複合關係代名詞: what , whoever , whomever , whosever

 

:

1. What you are doing seems very difficult. (當主詞)

 (你要做的事似乎很困難。)

2. He just laughed at what we said. (當受詞)

 (他只是笑我們所說的話。)

3. What you own is what I own. (當主詞補語)

 (你的就是我的。)

4. I have no idea whether I should stay here or go back. (當受詞補語)

 (我不知道我應該待在這裡或回去。)

 

將括號內的提示改為名詞子句並重寫句子

 

:( How old is he? ) 

I don’t know how old he is.

 

1.     ( What was he talking about? ) 

_________________________ was interesting.

 

2.     ( Where do you live? )

Please tell me _________________________

 

3.     ( What did she say? )

   _________________________ wasn’t true.

 

4.     ( When are they coming? )

I don’t know _________________________

 

5.     ( How much does it cost? )

   I can’t remember _________________________

 

6.     ( Which one does he want? )

Let’s ask him _________________________

 

7.     ( Who is coming to the party? )

   I don’t know _________________________

 

8.     ( Who are those people?)

   I don’t know _________________________

 

9.     ( Whose pen is this? )

   Do you know _________________________

 

10.      ( Why did they leave the country? )

  _________________________ is a secret.

 

EXERCISE  7

將錯誤的地方標出,並重寫正確句子

 

例:Please tell me what is your name. 

Please tell me what your name is.

 

1.     No one seems to know when will Maria arrive.

  _______________________________________________

 

2.     I wonder why was Bob late for class.

_______________________________________________

 

3.     I don’t know what does that word mean.

  _______________________________________________

 

4.     I wonder does the teacher know the answer?

_______________________________________________

 

5.     What should they do about the hole in their roof is their most pressing problem.

_______________________________________________

 

6.     I’ll ask her would she like some coffee or not.

  _______________________________________________

 

7.     Be sure to tell the doctor where does it hurt.

_______________________________________________

 

8.     Why am I unhappy is something I can’t explain.

  _______________________________________________

 

9.     I wonder does Tom know about the meeting or not.

_______________________________________________

 

10.    I need to know who is your teacher.

  _______________________________________________

 

11.    I don’t understand why is the car not running properly.

_______________________________________________

 

12.    My young son wants to know where do the stars go in the daytime.

_______________________________________________

 

解答篇

Book 4  Unit 8

Too…to… , so…that… Noun Clauses

 

Reading Comprehension

配合題

  d  1. The writer felt scared____.

 

 

l.       meteorite

m.  got too hot for dinosaurs to live in

n.     thousands of years ago

o.     when the dinosaurs started attacking people

p.    falling star

q.     the sunshine

r.      got too cold for dinosaurs to live in

s.      millions of years ago

t.       the dust

u.     meteor shower (流星雨)

v.     darkness

  h  2. The dinosaurs died______.

 

 

  g  3. People say that the climate _____.

 

 

  a  4. Some people thought _____crashed into the Earth and made a huge cloud of dust.

 

 

  k  5. Plants couldn’t grow because of _______.

 

 

  i  6. The sun was completely blocked by  ________.

 

 

 

Exercise (依圖及提示造句)

I / buy / apple / some / big / others / small

I bought a lot of apples. Some are big and others are small.

Exercise (依圖及提示造句)

you / have / ever / heard / kind / music ?

Have you ever heard this kind of music?

 

翻譯填充

1. She is so rich that she can buy whatever she wants.

2. He studied so hard that he did well on his English test.

 

so...that合併句子

1.     The car was expensive.  We couldn’t afford to buy it.

The car was so experience that we couldn’t afford to buy it.

2.     The weather was hot.  You could fry an egg on the sidewalk.

The weather was so hot that you could fry an egg on the sidewalk.

3.     Ivan takes everything in life too seriously.  He is unable to experience the small joys and pleasures of daily living.

Ivan takes everything in life so seriously that he is unable to    experience the small joys and pleasures of daily living.

4.     I was very busy.  I couldn’t mail the letter.

I was so busy that I couldn’t mail the letter.

5.     Tommy ate very fast.  He got a stomachache.

Tommy ate so fast that he got a stomachache.

 

合併句子

1. The coffee is very hot.  We can’t drink it.

The coffee is too hot for us to drink.

=The coffee is so hot that we can’t drink it.

2. Kevin is very young.  He can’t go to school.

  Kevin is too young to go to school.

  =Kevin is so young that he can’t go to school.

3. Lindy is very short.  She can’t play basketball.

  Lindy is too short to play basketball.

  =Lindy is so short that she can’t play basketball.

 

so (that) 合併句子

1.     Put the milk in the refrigerator.  We want to make sure it won’t ( OR doesn’t ) spoil.

Put the milk in the refrigerator so ( that ) it won’t ( OR doesn’t ) spoil.

2.     Please be quiet.  I want to be able to hear what Sharon is saying.

Please be quiet so ( that) I can hear what Sharon is saying.

3.     I asked the children to be quiet.  I wanted to be able to hear what Sharon was saying.

I asked the children to be quiet so ( that) I was able to hear what Sharon was saying.

4.     I’m going to cash a check.  I want to make sure that I have enough money to go to the market.

I’m going to cash a check so ( that) I have enough money to go to the market.

 

that合併句子

1.     Tom will come back home for New Year.  I don’t know it. ( that子句當受詞)

I don’t know that Tom will come back home for New Year.

2.     Harry stole money.  I couldn’t believe it. ( that子句當受詞)

I couldn’t believe that Harry stole money.

3.     The most difficult thing is that.  That is that I can’t really make up my mind. ( that子句當補語 )

The most difficult thing is that I can’t really make up my mind.

4.     The report must be false.  It is that he is dead. ( that子句當同位語)

The report that he is dead must be false.

5.     He will pay the bill.  It is possible. (that子句當主詞)

That he will pay the bill is possible.

 

將括號內的提示改為名詞子句並重寫句子

1.     ( What was he talking about? ) 

What he was talking about was interesting.

2.     ( Where do you live? )

Please tell me where you live.

3.     ( What did she say? )

What she said wasn’t true.

4.     ( When are they coming? )

I don’t know when they are coming.

5.     ( How much does it cost? )

I can’t remember how much it costs.

6.     ( Which one does he want? )

Let’s ask him which one he wants.

7.     ( Who is coming to the party? )

I don’t know who is coming to the party.

8.     ( Who are those people?)

I don’t know who those people are.

9.     ( Whose pen is this? )

Do you know whose pen this is?

10.      ( Why did they leave the country? )

Why they left the country is a secret.

 

將錯誤的地方標出,並重寫正確句子

1.     No one seems to know when will Maria arrive.

No one seems to know when Maria will arrive.

2.     I wonder why was Bob late for class.

I wonder why Bob was late for class.

3.     I don’t know what does that word mean.

I don’t know what that word means.

4.     I wonder does the teacher know the answer?

I wonder if (whether) the teacher knows the answer (or not).

5.     What should they do about the hole in their roof is their most pressing problem.

What they should do about the hole in their roof is their most pressing problem.

6.     I’ll ask her would she like some coffee or not.

I’ll ask her if (whether) she would like some coffee (or not).

7.     Be sure to tell the doctor where does it hurt.

Be sure to tell the doctor where it hurts.

8.     Why am I unhappy is something I can’t explain.

Why I am unhappy is something I can’t explain.

9.     I wonder does Tom know about the meeting or not.

I wonder if (whether) Tom knows about the meeting (or not).

10.    I need to know who is your teacher.

I need to know who your teacher is.

11.    I don’t understand why is the car not running properly.

I don’t understand why the car is not running properly.

12.    My young son wants to know where do the stars go in the daytime.

My young son wants to know where the stars go in the daytime.

 

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