第六冊 9單元 it 用法彙整

 

標題句:全六冊各種 it 的用法彙整

 構:it 用法彙整

 

在國中階段,有關 it 的用法,其實也學得滿多的,本單元就是將所學過的這些用法,做個總彙整,也順便復習一下。復習的方式,除了條列之外,主要是以網頁連結的方式處理,以便有較完整的回憶:

一、it 留在腦中最簡單的概念,莫過於是指「非人」的單數名詞,例:

1. George: What is that?
 Mary: It is a balcony.(那是陽台。)
 ── it 是指「陽台」。

 

2. Jim: Where's the candle I just used?
 Henry: It's on the second floor.(它在二樓。)
 ── it 是指「我用過的臘燭」。

 

二、it 可用來指「時間」、「天氣」、「長度」、「距離」等,例:

3. Oh, my God. It's ten thirty now. I've to leave now.

(天啊!已十點半了,我須得馬上離開。)

 ── it 是指「時間」。

 

4. It's very cold today. You can't go out without a jacket or sweater.

(今天很冷,你不可以不穿外套或毛衣,就到外面去。)

 ── it 是指「天氣」。

 

5. It rained a lot this summer.

(今年夏天下了很多雨。)

── 講到「天氣」時,若句中「動詞」為 rain/snow 時,則「主詞」一定要用 it

 

6. It's over 62 miles from Chiayi to Kaohsiung.

(從嘉義到高雄超過 60 哩。)

── it 是指「距離」。

 

三、it 可用來當「假主詞」,代替原來「真主詞」的「不定詞片語」或「that + 名詞子句」,例:

7. It is really not easy to get up early in cold winter.

(在寒冷的冬天早起,實在是不容易。)

 ── it 是指「不定詞片語」to get up early in cold winter

 

8. It's true that Mr. Lin is his English teacher in the next semester.

(林老師是他們下學期的英語老師,是千真萬確的事。)

 ── it 是指「that + 名詞子句」that Mr. Lin is his English teacher in the next semester

 

四、That's it. 相當於中文的「那就對了;就是這樣子。」,例:

9. That's it. Don't move it any more. It looks the most beautiful this way.

(那就對了,不要再移了,這樣子看起來最漂亮。)

 

it 也可能被用來指「和人有關」的情況下:

 

五、指「和人有關的情況或正在發生的事情」,例:

10. How's it going, Tom? I haven't seen you for a very long time.

Tom 最近如何?我已好久好久沒見過你了。)

 

11. The worst of it is the cell phone can't work and there're no public phones near here.

(最糟糕的是,手機不能用,附近也沒有公用電話。)

 

六、指「尚不知其性別的嬰兒」,例:

12. Look at the baby. It has been smiling at you for a long time.

(注意看那個嬰兒,它一直對著你笑好久了。)

 

七、用於「詢問是誰時」,例:

13. Someone is knocking at the door. Please go to see who it is.

(有人在敲門,勞煩去看一下是誰。)

 

八、用於「說出誰在講電話」,例:

14. Hello, it's Chuck here.

(哈囉,我是 Chuck。)

 

想想看:請依上、下文意,選出最適當的答案。

(一)

search (for):搜尋 

information:訊息 

refer to:指涉、提到 

distance:距離

 

Mom:

What're you doing, David?

David:

I'm surfing the Internet for the information I need.

Mom:

(1) It looks interesting. Would you teach me how to use it?

David:

Of course. Let's me show you.

(Then David teaches his mom how to use the Internet.)

David:

(2) It isn't hard to surf the Internet, isn't it?

Mom:

Not only interesting but also convenient.

David:

Now let's see how's the weather on the weekend to check if we can go to Mt. Hehuan to see the snow.

Mom:

Oh, that's great. (3) It's snowing there.

David:

Here we are. (4) It 'll be cold enough to snow. By the way, how long will we take from our home to there?

Mom:

(5) It'll take us about two hours if the traffic isn't too bad.

 

1.

What does the "it" refer to in "(1) It  looks interesting."?
(A) The weather.
 

(B) To surf the Internet. 

(C) The time. 

(D) To drive from our home to Mt. Hehuan.

2.

What does the "it" refer to in "(2) It isn't hard to surf the Internet, isn't it?"
(A) The distance.
 

(B) The time. 

(C) The weather. 

(D) To surf the Internet.

3.

What does the "it" refer to in "(3) It's snowing there."?
(A) Mt. Hehuan.
 

(B) Our home. 

(C) The time. 

(D) The weather.

4.

What does the "it" refer to in "(4) It 'll be cold enough to snow."?
(A) To snow.
 

(B) The weather. 

(C) Mt. Hehuan. 

(D) The time.

5.

What does the "it" refer to in "(5) It'll take us about two hours if the traffic isn't too bad."?
(A) To drive to Mt. Hehuan from our home.
 

(B) To surf the Internet. 

(C) To teach Mom to use the computer. 

(D) To search for the information on the Net.

 

(二)

bother:打擾 

(The Kong family are watching TV in the living room. Suddenly, they hear someone is ringing the door bell.)

Dad:

Simon, would you please open the door and see who (6) it is?

Simon:

OK.

(Simon opens the door.)

Simon:

Hey, Nick. Get in and let's have a talk.

Nick:

Thanks. Good evening, Mr. and Mrs. Kong. I'm sorry to bother you.

Dad:

No, welcome. We're watching the sad news about the death of a famous singer. He died this morning.

Nick:

I'm sorry to hear (7) it, too. That's why I come here to ask Simon to get his CD with me tonight.

Dad:

That's OK, but please come back before 9:30.

Simon:

What time is it, Daddy?

Dad:

(8) It's 7:30 now. You still have two hours. Maybe you both can have time to have a talk at the tea shop if you don't spend much time on (9) it.

Mom:

Your father's right. (10) It always makes us be worried that you come back late.

Simon:

I'll come back on time. Good-bye, Dad. Good-bye, Mom.

 

6.

What does the "it" refer to in "Simon, would you please open the door and see who (6) it is?"
(A) The person who rings the doorbell.
 

(B) The CD the two boys want to buy. 

(C) The person who died this morning. 

(D) The bad news they are watching.

7.

What does the "it" refer to in "I'm sorry to hear (7) it, too."?
(A) The coming of Simon's friend, Nick.
 

(B) The talk the two boys will have at the tea shop. 
(C) The bad news about a singer's death.
 

(D) The time when Simon comes back home.

8.

What does the "it" refer to in "(8) It's 7:30 now."?
(A) The weather.
 

(B) The CD. 

(C) The news. 

(D) The time.

9.

What does the "it" refer to in "...if you don't spend much time on (9) it"?
(A) Getting the CD.
 

(B) Watching TV. 

(C) Having a talk. 

(D) Coming back from the shop.

10.

What does the "it" refer to in "(10) It always makes us be worried that you come back late."?
(A) Your friend comes to our home.
 (B) Your favorite singer died. (C) You come back late. 
(D) You go out with your friend.

 

(三)

(Several students are still in the classroom after school. Then, the teacher Mr. Lu gets into the classroom and talks to them.)

Mr. Lu:

(11) It's 5:45, boys and girls. (12) It's getting darker and darker. Don't go home too late. (13) It's dangerous to ride home in such a dark, cold winter night.

Peter:

But Cathy still has some math homework to do. She can't do (14) it herself at home. We're helping her.

Cathy:

There's only one question left. Let me finish (15) it, please. They do help me a lot.

Mr. Lu:

OK. I won't go home until all of you leave school. If you need my help, just go to my office. I must be there.

 

11.

What does the "it" refer to in "(11) It's 5:45, boys and girls.?"
(A) The weather.
 

(B) The time. 

(C) The classroom. 

(D) The sky.

12.

What does the "it" refer to in "(12) It's getting darker and darker."?
(A) The homework.
 

(B) The school. 

(C) The sky. 

(D) The weather.

13.

What does the "it" refer to in "(13) It's dangerous to ride home in such a dark, cold winter night."?
(A) To ride home in such a dark, cold winter night.
 

(B) Not to finish the math homework. 
(C) The students stay in the classroom after school.
 

(D) The teacher works in his office at 5:45.

14.

What does the "it" refer to in "She can't do (14) it herself at home."?
(A) The classroom.
 

(B) The math homework. 

(C) To ride home. 

(D) To leave school.

15.

What does the "it" refer to in "Let me finish (15) it, please."?
(A) The sky.
 

(B) The time. 

(C) The weather. 

(D) The homework.

 

 

 

 

 

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