第五冊第 10 單元 英語中「也」的說法

 

標題句: Tom likes rabbits, and so does his sister.

結 構:英語中「也」的說法

 

本單元中所談論的是「也」在英文中的講法:英文中的「也」共有五種說法,分別是 too/either so/neither ,及 also

(一) too/either :肯定的用 too ;否定的用 either ;兩者均是放在 句尾 ,且 其前加逗號

e.g.

1. He is a student, and I am (a student) , too .

 

2. Susan collected stamps, and her sister did/collected stamps , too .

 

3. John doesn't study English on Sunday, and Tom doesn't (study English on Sunday) , either .

 

4. Jean can't speak any Chinese, and Jack can't (speak any Chinese) , either .

想想看一: 若有需要用連接詞時,一定是用 and ,為什麼?

 


(二)另一種「也」的說法是 so/neither

這兩個的用法,常見於對話中,該兩字中, so 是用於肯定句; neither 是用於否定句。此外,尚需注意:

so/neither :兩者均置於在 句首 ,且其後的子句, 主詞和動詞須倒裝 ,好像在造問句一樣;參考底下的例句,即可得粗略概念。

e.g.

5. He is a student, and so am I . I am 的位置調換,這種情形叫做「倒裝」。)

 

6. Susan collected stamps, and so did her sister .

 

7. John doesn't study English on Sunday, and neither does Tom .

 

8. Jean can't speak any Chinese, and neither can Jack .

 

想想看二: 說說看, so/neither 後面的字詞,須視什麼來決定?

 

想想看三: 比較例句 3~4 和例句 7~8 not 的有無有何差別?

 

想想看四: 試將下列各句,用 so/neither 翻譯成英文。

1. 他應該要做這件工作,而她也是。

 

2. Mary 還沒有吃早餐,而我也是。

 

 


(三)最後一種是 also :放在 be 之後,一般動詞之前。

9. I am a student, and he is also a student.
10. They
also like going to basketball games very often.

想想看五: 試將下列各句,用 also 翻譯成英文。

1. 他們也正在看漫畫書。

 

2. 我也是一天聽兩小時的英語。

   

想想看六: 請依上、下文意,選出最適當的答案。

1. His father is a police officer,     so is her father.
  (A) or   (B) if   (C) but   (D) and

 

2. Kevin read that novel yesterday, and my brother     , too.
  (A) did   (B) does   (C) can   (D) could

 

3. My mother     a bad cold, and my sisters have, too.
  (A) catches   (B) caught   (C) will catch   (D) has caught

 

4. Mr. White doesn't drive to school every day, and     does Ms. Speakers.
(A) so
  (B) neither   (C) too   (D) either

 

5. The boy students can leave school before 4:30 p.m., and so     the girl students.
(A) will
  (B) may   (C) can   (D) must

 

6. The strawberries will be sold to Kaohsiung, and the tomatoes     , too.
(A) will
  (B) be   (C) did   (D) are

 

7. The French fries aren't all eaten up, and the hamburgers     , either.
(A) haven't
  (B) aren't   (C) don't   (D) won't

 

8. It's going to rain. You have to take an umbrella with you, Peter, and so     your friend.
(A) are
  (B) does   (C) will   (D) has

 

9. I haven't finished my homework yet, and neither     Carol.
  (A) does   (B) doesn't   (C) has   (D) hasn't

 

10. Both of you have to finish your homework, and so     Carol.
  (A) does   (B) doesn't   (C) has   (D) hasn't

 

想想看七: 請依上、下文意,選出最適當的答案。

cram school :補習班   especially :尤其是  

(At the dinner time)

Fred:

Dad, can I stay home and don't go to the math cram school tonight? I don't like math, especially the math teacher.

Dad:

  (1)   did I when I was a junior high school student. However, I can't do something well because of my poor math. Try your best. Let me take you there. Eat faster. We don't have much time. Johnny, you have to eat faster,   (2)   . You've to study for tomorrow's test.

Fred:

I   (3)   have a test tomorrow. If I go to the cram school, I won't have enough time to prepare for it.

Mom:

Don't be worried. Mr. Peterson just told me on the phone the math class is cancelled ( 取消 ) tonight because he gets sick. Besides, I'll stay home to help you.

Dad:

I   (4)   , too. If you have any questions about history, ask me. I'm sure I can give you satisfying answers.

1. (A) Either   (B) Too   (C) Neither   (D) So
2. (A) also
  (B) so   (C) too   (D) either
3. (A) also
  (B) so   (C) too   (D) either
4. (A) do
  (B) am   (C) have   (D) will

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