第五冊第 12 單元 附加問句的用法

 

標題句: Mr. Brown is her boss, isn't he?

結 構:附加問句

 

在我們平時聊天時,總會聽到底下的類似對話:

甲:你這次國文考全班最高,對不對?
乙:是沒錯,但你的英文不是也考得很好,不是嗎?
甲:不小心的啦!

上述的簡短對話中,第一句和第二句裡的「對不對?」、「不是嗎?」,就是所謂的「附加問句」,也是本課討論的重點。英文裡的「附加問句」和華語一樣,也是 較常見於對話中 ,而其基本的形成原則如下:

1. 附加問句和主要子句之間要用逗號分開 , Will you go with me , won't you?

2. 基本原則:

主要子句,

附加問句.

肯定

否定

否定

肯定

 

3. 附加問句中的主詞和動詞須 倒裝 ,且主詞須用 人稱代名詞 be 或助動詞和 not 縮寫

 

例外:

主詞為 I --

I am your teacher, am I not/aren't I?

There is/are ... 的句型 --

There is a book on the desk, isn't there?

4. 注意事項:

(A) 主要子句中若有非 not 的否定字(如 no, never, nothing, nobody 等)時, 容易在附加問句中犯了用否定的錯誤 ,要特別注意。

There's nothing for him, is there?
Nobody called me, did they?
John
never goes to the movies, does he?

 

(B) someone/somebody/everyone/nobody 人稱代名詞為 they
Somebody wanted a drink, didn't they ?
Everyone should come tomorrow, shouldn't they ?

 

(C) That is Mr. Wang, isn't it ?

--句中所談的雖是 Mr. Wang ,但因主詞仍為 that , 故其後的附加問句的主詞亦是用 it

 

5. 附加問句的答句:和一般問句的回答方式 相同

6. 附加問句的語調:若說話者對於句中的敘述是肯定時 , 則句尾語調下降;若說話者對於自己所說的話不肯定時,則句尾語調上升。

想想看一: 根據上述的各項原則,請填寫下列各題句尾的附加問句。

1. There aren't any students playing soccer in the playground,       ?

2. Your wallet wasn't lost yesterday,       ?

3. That's Linda's uncle, Mr. Kennedy,       ?

4. I never get marks less than 90 on Chinese tests,       ?

5. All the children have to go to Mrs. Lincoln's home to celebrate her birthday,       ?

6. Richard put his watch on your desk,       ?

 

想想看二: 根據上、下文意,選出最適當答案。

1. When Jack didn't pass the test, the teacher, Ms. Washington, often made him study it again and gave him one more chance,      ?
(A) did he
  (B) didn't he   (C) did she   (D) didn't she

 

2. Philip: Eric won't come to the party, will he?
  Joseph:      , but he'll be a little late because he just got up.
  (A) Yes, he will   (B) No, he won't   (C) Yes, he did  

  (D) No, he didn't

 

3. William: Are you going to join us to go swimming this afternoon, Jeff?

Jeff: I'm glad to, but I can't.
William: You have nothing to do,
     ?
Jeff: My mom wants me to take care of my little sister.
(A) are you
  (B) aren't you   (C) do you   (D) don't you

 

4. Mary: Would you please take some lettuces out of the refrigerator for me?

David: There aren't any left,      ? Yesterday you said you used them up.

Mary: Oh, yes. I forgot it.

(A) are they   (B) aren't they   (C) are there   (D) aren't there

 

5.

Victoria:

Do you know something about the country, Poland?

Adam:

I don't know much about it. But you can get more information in the free site ( 網站 ), Wikipedia, that I told you about last week,      ?

Victoria:

Oh, yes. Thanks for your reminding ( 提醒 ).

(A) can you   (B) can't you   (C) do you   (D) don't you

6. (Dad is knocking on the door of his son's bedroom.)

Dad: Get up, my dear son. You have to go to school for table tennis training ( 訓練 ) this morning,      ?

Son: All right. I'm getting up.

(A) do you   (B) don't you   (C) have you   (D) haven't you

 

7. Daughter: Dad, did you see my comic books, One Piece?

Dad: They were borrowed by your cousin last Saturday,      ?

Daughter: Did he say when he will take them back? They are my favorite comic books.

(A) did they   (B) didn't they   (C) were they   (D) weren't they

 

8. Stanley: I'm your teacher,      ? I'll try my best to help you. Don't be worried.
Ted: Thanks, Mrs. Lai.
(A) aren't I
  (B) isn't she   (C) won't I   (D) doesn't she

 

9. The Tsai family would like to move to Miaoli,      ?
  (A) wouldn't they   (B) would they   (C) wouldn't it   (D) would it

 

10. Much of the food we need every day isn't very expensive,      ?
(A) are they
  (B) aren't they   (C) is it   (D) isn't it

 

想想看三: 將下列各句,翻譯成英文。

1. 你和你的家人下週三要到日本旅行,不是嗎?

 

2. 那幾個學生並沒有在教室裡讀書,對不對?

 

3. 上個月,那家百貨公司的衣服有在打折,不是嗎?

 

4. 今天沒什麼特別的,對不對?

 


附加問句補充:這個部分,已超出國中課程範圍, 你可以略過不讀

1. 命令句中 :

(1) won't you? 表示「邀請」對方做某事。
e.g. Sit down, won't you?

(2) will you?   would you?   can you?   can't you?   could you? 表示「告訴對方做某事。」
e.g. Give me a hand, will you?

(3) 否定的命令句用 will you?
e.g. Don't forget, will you?

2. Let's... 的句子中 , shall we?

e.g. Let's have a party, shall we?

 

 

 

 

 

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