第五冊第 16 單元 關係代(名)詞的用法(練習篇)

 

標題句: The girl who wears a red sweater is my sister.

The museum which we visited yesterday is the biggest in the country.

結 構:關係代 ( )

 

在看了有關「關係代(名)詞」的用法後,一定要多做練習,方得達熟練的地步,否則很容易忘記。先從最簡單的合併句子建立觀念著手:

一、合併句子: 請用關係代詞,將下列兩個短句,合併成一個長的句子。若你忘了怎麼做,就再回去復習一下( 合併句子一 合併句子二 )。

1. Tom lost the shirt.
  The shirt cost him a lot of money.


2. We like to eat the fruit.
  Mother bought the fruit last night.


3. The nurse always comes to the office very early.
  The nurse wears a white jacket.


4. The workers live in Hualien.
  Mr. Brown works with the workers every day.


5. Everyone loves to read the book.
  Helen Jones wrote the book.


6. The man is the best Chinese teacher at our school.
  The man is walking along the street.


7. Every day many people take exercise in the park.
  The park has a lot of trees and beautiful flowers.


8. I am very interested in the movies.
  The movies are about animals.


9. Did you see the thousand dollars?
  The thousand dollars were on the desk.


10. Tom has trouble answering the questions.
  His classmates answered the questions easily.

 

二、翻譯成中文: 請將上述已合併的英文句子,翻譯成中文。(你只要大概說出句子的意思即可。)

1.

 

2.

 

3.

 

4.

 

5.

 

6.

 

7.

 

8.

 

9.

 

10.

 

 

三、選擇題: 請根據上、下文意,選出最適當的答案。

1. The engineer     is reading newspapers on the sofa is Tina's father.

(A) who   (B) which   (C) what   (D) when

 

2. It is said bananas,     are very common in Taiwan, are expensive in Japan.

(A) what   (B) who   (C) which   (D) that

 

3. Tennis is the only sport     I can play with you.

(A) what   (B) who   (C) which   (D) that

 

4. Did you see the blind man and his guide dog     are sitting on the bench over there? They are both my neighbors.

(A) what   (B) who   (C) which   (D) that

 

5. A butterfly is an insect which usually     beautiful wings ( 翅膀 ).

(A) have   (B) has   (C) had   (D) having

 

6. Lukang is a town with long history, and I'll take you to visit some temples which     built more than a hundred years ago.

(A) is   (B) are   (C) was   (D) were

 

7. You can try to use the software ( 軟體 ) that, I believe,     you resolve ( 解決 ) the problem you have now.

(A) is helped   (B) has helped   (C) will help   (D) is helping

 

8. When I'm hungry, I often have     that can be bought easily at a fast-food restaurant.

(A) hamburgers   (B) zebras   (C) Frisbees   (D) bakeries

 

9. Mr. Martin is an interesting dentist who always     his patients ( 病人 ) his old stories.

(A) tell   (B) tells   (C) to tell   (D) telling

 

10. The Huang family live in that house which     in white and light yellow.

(A) will paint   (B) is painted   (C) has painted   (D) is painting

 

11. Chopsticks are the most important tools     people in Taiwan use while they eat.

(A) that   (B) which   (C) what   (D) who

 

12. Do not move anything     you see in the dining room. All of them are Mr. and Mrs. Hsiao's favorites.

(A) what   (B) who   (C) when   (D) that

 

四、翻譯題: 請將下列各句翻譯成英文。若你忘了怎麼做,就再回去復習一下 翻譯一 翻譯二 〉。

1. 她今天並沒有穿她昨天買的那件T恤衫。

 

2. 事實上,我對於中秋節通常很受歡迎的月餅,實在不感興趣。

 

3. 西瓜並非是我唯一喜歡的水果。

 

4. 班上跑最快的 Peter ,也是一個很受歡迎的學生嗎?

 

5. 這就是那張價值連城的郵票。

 

6. 一年之中第七個月份的七月,通常也是一年最熱的月份。

 

7. Orwell 先生今早收到了一封令他非常生氣的電子郵件。

 

8. 你認識你今天在公園所碰到的那個人嗎?

 

9. 這間建於 1860 年的教堂,是鎮上最古老的建築物。

 

10. 記得把這雙鞋子拿給叫做 Jeff Johnson 的人。

 


 

that 子句 」與 關係子句 的差別: that 後所接的子句屬於名詞子句 的性質,故除了可以當作受詞外,也可以當作主詞用 ;但 關係子句是作為形容詞 ,是用來形容其前之先行詞 在中文句中的差別,最主要是看子句後有沒有「的」, 因為「的」即是代表形容詞

e.g.

1. 「我們所看到」那個小孩 , 很會唱歌。

「我們所看到的」中有「的」 , 故可知其為形容詞用法 , 是應譯為關係子句。

The child who we saw sings very well.

 

2. 「我們昨天有到那邊去」是千真萬確的。

「我們昨天有到那邊去」中並沒有「的」 , 故可知並非是為形容詞用法 , 而是「是千真萬確的」的主詞。

That we went there yesterday is true.

 

想想看: 判斷題。下列各句中,若是為 關係子句 ,則寫 "R" ,若是名詞子句,則寫 "N"

(   ) 1. 已經是四月天了,氣溫還是這麼冷,真不可思議。
(
  ) 2. 在颱風季節發生旱災 , 是百年來所罕見的怪象。
(
  ) 3. 前天我在台北豬排館看到你們最不想見的人。
(
  ) 4. 那群人就是不相信 , 老闆會做得這麼絕。
(
  ) 5. 陳皮希望他下個月能夠加薪。
(
  ) 6. 含有關係子句的句子 , 通常都很複雜。
(
  ) 7. 我比較喜歡 that 所引導的名詞子句。
(
  ) 8. 小明想 , 只要他不要學壞 , 他就會成功。
(
  ) 9. 上星期那群小鬼欺負那個穿著很不好的老人。
(
  )10. 我父親很喜歡看留長頭髮的女孩。
(
  )11. 他昨天買的車子是二手貨。
(
  )12. 我喜歡讀的是金庸所寫的武俠小說。
(
  )13. Collins 先生死於車禍中 , 是謠傳的。
(
  )14. 被漆成綠色的黑板 , 對學生的眼睛有益。
(
  )15. 我們根本不相信他是一位博士。
(
  )16. 下雨天不穿雨衣外出對他來說 , 根本是天方夜譚。
(
  )17. 登陸太陽簡直不可思議。
(
  )18. 這棟建於兩百年前的教堂裡有很多寶藏。
(
  )19. 我弟弟特別喜愛到他親手開發的地方渡假。
(
  )20. 想攀附那種人根本是在做夢。

 

 

 

 

 

 

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